Category Archives: Terrorism

Abrogation and the Verse of the Sword: Countering Extremists’ Justification for Violence.

The following is Quranic exegesis and theological examination by Mahfuh Halimi, within the precept of abrogation, Halimi wrongfully identifies abrogation as a concept within Islamic doctrine. Abrogation is a principle and is fundamental to Islamic teaching. I examined the precept of al-Wala wal-Baraa, in a previous post of the same name click here to read more:  https://nazaritze.blogspot.com/2017/07/al-wala-wal-baraa.html

Read Halimi’s exegesis in the following, owing to the length of the exegesis I will extend the post till the end, in several parts this is PART 1:

Mahfuh Halimi

Muslim extremist groups and ideologues have distorted the original discussion among

scholars on the concept of abrogation and the Qurānic verse of the sword to legitimize

hostile relations with people of other faiths. Their misrepresentation has to be countered

by reaffirming that the verses of the Qur’ān advocating peace, tolerance, compassion

and forgiveness are never abrogated and are in fact, the basis for relations between

Muslims and non-Muslims.

 

Muslim extremists such as Muhammad„ Abdus Salam Faraj and the terrorist group, the so-called Islamic State (IS), have distorted the concept of abrogation, and the verse of the sword (hostilities towards polytheists) into a purportedly divinely mandated call for offensive global „jihad‟(warfare).

A 2012 study on „How Islamist Extremists Quote the Qur‟an‟ showed that there “is the near absence of the well-known „Verse of the Sword‟ from the extremist texts”.

However, in instances when Muslim extremists used the verse of the sword, they have argued that the verse abrogates more than one hundred other verses of the Qur‟ān that advise or advocate peace, co-existence, patience, tolerance, and forgiveness as the basis for relations between Muslims and other faiths.

This study examines how Muslim extremists have misapplied the theory of abrogation and the verse of the sword when the Qur‟ān does1 Jeffry R. Halverson, R. Bennett Furlow, and Steven R. Corman, “How Islamist Extremists Quote the Qur’an,” Centre for Strategic Communication, Arizona State University, Report No. 1202, 09 July2012.

They do not not even specify the verses that have been abrogated. Their claim that the verse of the sword abrogates numerous Qur‟ānic verses cannot be taken as conclusive, especially when the abrogated verses are those that direct Muslims to seek peace, exercise tolerance, and show compassion and forgiveness.

 

This study posits that Muslim extremists have made erroneous claims on the issue of abrogation by omitting the rich discussion on the subject among Islamic scholars and falsely presenting it as something consensual among the scholars when that is not the case.

There is an extensive body of literature on the issue of abrogation. Many scholars of the Sciences of the Qur‟ān (‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān), Sciences of the Prophetic Tradition (‘Ulūm al- Ḥadith) and Sciences of Islamic Jurisprudence (‘Ulūm al-Fiqh) have written to explain and define abrogation (Naskh).

 

There have also been numerous attempts to specify the abrogating (Nāsikh) and abrogated

(Mansūkh) Qur‟ānic verses. Sometimes, abrogation has been discussed in the literature as a methodology in resolving apparent contradictions between religious texts (Al Ta‘āruḍ bayna al adillah). There are, however, several requirements that must be satisfied before abrogation can be applied.

Although the literature has explained abrogation in the Qur‟ān, the Prophetic Traditions and Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh), there has been no attempt to relate these to violence and terrorism in the name of religion. Concerns about the opinions expressed by Muslim extremists on abrogation and „The Verse of the Sword‟ or„Āyat al sayf‟ came to the fore following the September 2001 attacks.

 

This is a part of my teaching series on Islamic theology specifically that which is used by jihadist’s and the clerics, who support and abet jihadist ideology within Islamic thought. Since the Caribbean specifically Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Jamaica, Aruba and some South American countries are now seeing their citizens represented in Iraq and Syria, as foreign fighters this post is examining the type of Quranic hadith that is used as a means of strengthening a Muslims resolve to act by physically partaking in terrorist attacks, in the name of the god of Islam Allah, at the behest of Quranic scripture, preached by what the West calls radical Islamic preachers. This post is really minuscule in the theological context of Islamism, what it does serve is an informative tool in establishing Quranic justification for jihadism.

 

 

HASSAN ANYABWILE FORMER JAMAAT AL-MUSLIMEEN LEADER SPEAKS.

“I have earned the right to speak because of my commitment to Islam and because of the blood that gushed forth from me because of speaking out and being critical.

“I speak on the authority of the four 357 magnum bullets from the gun that Mark Guerra gave to Quincy to shoot at me and my home and family.”

Here we are again, 27th of July, and not much has changed except the players.

Those who took up arms to apply corrective surgery to a sick society now have the same diseases as the society. Those whose intention was to change the outta-timing rhythm of society then are now playing mass (or the ass) and jumping in the same band.

That’s why I understand some reasons why Allah took us just to that point and not an inch further.

How did I come to understand this?

By looking at the behaviour of the Muslims who were involved in that militant action—this includes me—you see how the secrets of our hearts have been manifested.

Allah is most wise and knows what he knows before it occurs. He knew that to put power in the hands of a people with certain types of behaviour and lack of spirituality would only lead to dictatorship and destruction.

So I thank Allah that he has not inflicted on Trinidad and Tobago what we Muslims of the Jamaat-al-Muslimeen have manifested.

This is my criticism of us, the leadership and membership of the Jamaat-al- Muslimeen.

I say this without fear or favour, I say this and include myself because I was part of that leadership, part of that Jamaat and I actively took part in attacking a wicked regime to check State terrorism.

I am not pointing any fingers at any group of persons that does not include me; I do not absolve myself because I am no better than anyone else.

So the entire Jamaat-al-Muslimeen, all of us, need to do Muhasabah, or self-criticism if the organisation is not to be relegated to the dustbin of history.

Its membership should stop being a herd of sheep, we who seem to be unaware that Mushurah (consultation) is frank and without fear. This is our political system, which is based not only on obedience and following the leader but also on supporting the leader by consultation and checking him in his excesses.

Didn’t Allah say in the Quran in referring to the true Muslim community “…those who carry out their affairs by mutual consultation…”?

I know that this assessment will not be greeted with approval by many, men and women, but it cannot be honestly challenged by anyone.

Others will say that I don’t have the right to criticise the JAM because I left it. My reply to such people is that I have as much right as anyone else in the history of the Jamaat.

If they are honest, no one can write me out of the history of the JAM (I am already seeing attempts to do just that); no one can blame me for the reasons that I left nor can anyone challenge my critique.

 

I earned that right by suffering the consequences of that assassination attempt which consigned me to a wheelchair and forever changed my life, affected my family and friends, not to mention affected me as a person.

But a long life is one that gives you time to amend, to change your ways and to make Tawbah (repent).

The only person who ever asked for my forgiveness was the shooter himself, Quincy; he sent a message to me from prison asking for my forgiveness.

As for my many friends who literally abandoned me, few have asked me for forgiveness or have reached out to help me or just to enquire how I was going. Those who have done so, I thank you.

But I carry no hate for anyone, even the main plotters who know themselves. So far, two have died and three remain in their arrogance and hostility. May they perish in that state if they don’t rectify themselves.

By their actions against me, they dishonoured themselves and opened a door of treachery that they are unable to close.

I ask Allah that the people and members of the Jamaat stop worshipping man; they must fear only Allah and seek his approval.

I wish the JAM success and I don’t want to see all that work, all that commitment and all those sacrifices disappear due to the arrogance of one or two families.

No 1 Mucurapo belongs to the members of the JAM and the Muslim Community, not to one family. Because men have paid with their lives to ensure that Muslims of African descent have a place to worship without being discriminated against.

A place to build families, to teach our children and to hand down a vibrant Islam that is relevant to the ills of this narco State, with its wicked legislators and evil social customs, a State devoid of justice for all, a State where inequality kills.

A place that will ensure a future for our youths who don’t have to run to Syria behind a false flag or be gunned down in a foolish war with Rasta City or at the hands of corrupt police officers.

We must create that space for the youths to train them to carry this Islamic Movement, not a political party, a place to make them the future leaders of Islam in a world pregnant with the signs of the Last Days.

If we don’t do that, then we have failed our youth, all of whom – not just the children of the leader – are important. Our help and support must embrace all the children of those who sacrificed to establish the JAM with all its faults and successes.

The future is in our hands; failure or success will be our doing and we cannot blame anyone else.

Peace and Bless!

New video message from The Islamic State: “Inside the Caliphate”.

74f5186c-aca5-433a-b3e0-51af115ab933

AL-ḤAYĀT MEDIA CENTER, on July 28, 2017, released an English language and Arabic language video, with English captions. The video featured two narrators and, a Caucasian American narrator and an Arabic speaking narrator, both of whom are fighters with the Islamic State. What follows is transcribed from the video in question entitled: Inside The Khilafah.

To the observant listener, the narrator says that the Amir of IS still alive, referencing him in the active present tense. IS mocked the Taliban for pretending Mullah Omar was still alive even when it was painfully obvious, that he was long dead, any Caliphate becomes illegitimate, if the Caliph is dead and a replacement is not announced. No one can give bayah, pledge allegiance to a dead man if their Caliph is truly dead IS would be obligated to announce his replacement under law (sharia).

The following is the transcribed video, video transcription by Wade Bailey, source Al-ḤAYĀT media center: “Despite the fierce and unrelenting campaign against the Islamic State may Allah preserve it. The State Wallamduillah, continues striving to carry out Allah’s order and to wage war on the Satatnic monetary system of the Tawagheet. Following the release of the gold dinar and silver dirham, the Islamic State is now rolling out the copper fez denomination of coins into the marketplace, to help facilitate smaller financial in a shari manner. The correlation between the new Islamic State coins has been set by the monetary committee, the value of the dinar corresponds to the market price of gold, while the value of one dirham is set, to the value of 100 fals. All goods and transactions must be priced and conducted using the new Islamic currency. This includes everyday goods as well as contracts, wages and services, including services provided by the Islamic State’s various departments. Wherever the Islamic State coins are available it is forbidden to deal with, the insidious banknotes that have no intrinsic value, and are printed at will by the Tawagheet. The subjects of Amir-ulmukhmineen are now cooperating and working closely, to ensure the successful implementation of the new Islamic currency. We ask Allah Azza wa-Jal, to bless this initiative and make us amongst the forerunners of those forbidding what is evil and enjoining that which is good.           

 

BAY’AH TO THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AN UNTOLD STORY OF AL-QAIDA’S MISTAKE By: Ahmed Al-Hamdan.

Translated by: Al Muwahideen Media

 

This is another post in the series of post’s concerning Baya and what it entails. This post deals with the Baya of ISI to Osama bin Laden.

In my personal opinion, I think Al-Qaeda made a mistake in the beginning by relying on only one source for visualizing the field of Iraq, and that was ‘The Islamic State of Iraq’. And the reason for that was that the person who was relaying the news to the central command in Khurasan was a companion of Shaykh Ayman Al Zawahiri, and he used to consider him as his younger sibling. The former judge in the Islamic State, Abu Sulayman, in his letter to the general command said that: “It is worth mentioning that the main reason for all this is the absence of Abu Hamza Al Muhajir from the field completely, and due to him being content with the reports that are sent to him, even though the ‘leaders’ and the commanders of the areas would declare that they would not send the correct information to the leadership (of the Islamic State of Iraq)”.  So, in the best of cases, the correct information would not reach this man (Abu Hamza Al Muhajir). And the correct information would not be sent to the general command in Khurasan. Al Qaeda, unfortunately, would depend on this testimony and would prefer it over the testimonies of other groups and rely on it without relying on the other groups due to reasons which have been mentioned just a while ago. And that led to a great deal of distortion in the information which in the end led to Al Qaeda giving their approval and calling to support a project which in fact was a great lie. We will give some examples of this wrong information and what was correct. Dr. Ayman Al Zhawahiri said: “The Islamic State of Iraq was established after an extensive consultation between the Mujahideen Council and the Sunni tribes, just like how Sheikh Abu Hamza Al Muhajir had informed us of, may Allah have mercy upon him. And he is one in whom and in whose truthfulness, we trust, due to us having spent a long time with him”.  So, is the news that Abu Hamza Al Muhajir gave to the leadership correct?

So, in the best of cases, the correct information would not reach this man (Abu Hamza Al Muhajir). And the correct information would not be sent to the general command in Khurasan. Al Qaeda, unfortunately, would depend on this testimony and would prefer it over the testimonies of other groups and rely on it without relying on the other groups due to reasons which have been mentioned just a while ago. And that led to a great deal of distortion in the information which in the end led to Al Qaeda giving their approval and calling to support a project which in fact was a great lie. We will give some examples of this wrong information and what was correct. Dr. Ayman Al Zhawahiri said: “The Islamic State of Iraq was established after an extensive consultation between the Mujahideen Council and the Sunni tribes, just like how Sheikh Abu Hamza Al Muhajir had informed us of, may Allah have mercy upon him. And he is one in whom and in whose truthfulness, we trust, due to us having spent a long time with him”.  So, is the news that Abu Hamza Al Muhajir gave to the leadership correct?

Was “The Islamic State” truly established after an extensive consultation between the different Jihadi groups and the Sunni tribes?! The judge in the Islamic State of Iraq answers that for us and he says: “The main reason for it is the announcement of the establishment of the state in this way. In fact the people think that the establishment of the state was after the Bay’ah (pledge of allegiance) that was given by the advisory council of the Mujahideen of Al Qaeda and by the chiefs of the tribes which the brother Abu Hamza Al Muhajir called as “Hilf al Muthayyebeen”, but the matter was not like that at all. Instead, the ones who gave their Bay’ah are the leaders of the groups like “Saraaya Al-Jihad, Saraya Al-Ghurabaa, Jaysh Ahl Al-Sunnah, Kataib Al-Ahwaal, Jaysh Al-Taaifah Al-Mansurah…”, and they are people who have no connection to the real Jihad in any way in the field. Rather, they are just names. So they gave their Bay’ah and made demands either in an indirect manner or by openly stating that they should get positions in this state which was going to be announced. And the matter took place like how they wanted. I swear by Allah Almighty about that based on my closeness to Abu Hamza al-Muhajir. And the chiefs of the well-known tribes did not interfere (in this matter to give their views) – like how Abu Hamza had stated many times…!”6 And this issue has been confirmed by Shaykh ‘Abdullah Al’Iraqi, the leader of one of the groups present in the Mujahideen Council in Iraq in his personal testimony about how the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq was. And the funny thing about this testimony is the statement of this leader saying that “the so-called Islamic State of Iraq declared that my group pledged allegiance to them without taking my approval”!

So they gave their Bay’ah and made demands either in an indirect manner or by openly stating that they should get positions in this state which was going to be announced. And the matter took place like how they wanted. I swear by Allah Almighty about that based on my closeness to Abu Hamza al-Muhajir. And the chiefs of the well-known tribes did not interfere (in this matter to give their views) – like how Abu Hamza had stated many times…!”6 And this issue has been confirmed by Shaykh ‘Abdullah Al’Iraqi, the leader of one of the groups present in the Mujahideen Council in Iraq in his personal testimony about how the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq was. And the funny thing about this testimony is the statement of this leader saying that “the so-called Islamic State of Iraq declared that my group pledged allegiance to them without taking my approval”!

So they gave their Bay’ah and made demands either in an indirect manner or by openly stating that they should get positions in this state which was going to be announced.5 And the matter took place like how they wanted. I swear by Allah Almighty about that based on my closeness to Abu Hamza al-Muhajir. And the chiefs of the well-known tribes did not interfere (in this matter to give their views) – like how Abu Hamza had stated many times…!” And this issue has been confirmed by Shaykh ‘Abdullah Al’Iraqi, the leader of one of the groups present in the Mujahideen Council in Iraq in his personal testimony about how the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq was. And the funny thing about this testimony is the statement of this leader saying that “the so-called Islamic State of Iraq declared that my group pledged allegiance to them without taking my approval”!

Rather Abu ‘Abdullah Al-Mansoor,7 the leader of Jaysh Al-Mujahideen,8 even said that most of the major Jihadi groups did not hear about this announcement except from the media…!!!  But for the sake of argument let us say that the Shura Council of the Mujahideen consisting of 5 or 6 groups had accepted the announcement of the state… How can  groups decide to announce a state and ignore tens of other groups,10 those who in the Shareeah terms are known as Ahlu-Shawka (people of power), and without whose approval the issue of leadership cannot be decided? So, the pledge of allegiance must be given by the majority of the tribes and the Jihadi groups (the people of power and strength) to Abu Umar Al-Baghdadi for him to become the Imam (the leader). Ibn Taymiyyah says: “If we assume that Umar and those with him gave Bay’ah to him i.e. Abu Bakr but the rest of the companions refused to give him Bay’ah, then he would not have become an Imam by that. Indeed, he became an Imam only by the Bay’ah given by the majority of the companions who are the people of authority and strength”.

 

 

He also said “The leadership (Imamah) according to Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jama’a is confirmed by the approval of the people of power for it. A man cannot become a leader (Imam) until he is approved by the people of power whose obedience to him would be what fulfills the purpose of the leadership. The purpose of the leadership will only be fulfilled through capability and authority. So, if he is given a pledge of allegiance through which power and authority are obtained, then he will become a leader”.12 He also said: “Uthman did not become a leader by the choice of some, but rather by all the people giving Bay’ah to him”.13 However as for the Islamic State of Iraq, most of the people of power from the tribes and groups withheld from giving them their Bay’ah. So, then this matter did not take place based on a council or an approval from the people of power from the Jihadi groups and the major Sunni tribes in the field! And so, this state was not established by the agreement of Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (decision makers) in Iraq. But then was it established by Taghallub (overpowering) and by taking control forcefully (which is the second exceptional way to gain authority) …?! Firstly: What does Taghallub mean? In Mu’jam Al ‘Arabi (Arabic dictionary) it says “When it is said that he has made ‘Taghallub’ over his enemy, it means he has subdued and overpowered his enemy. Due to that, it is said that the one who has been overpowered (subdued under Taghallub) is the one who cannot carry out what he wishes! And ‘Taghallub’ over a certain country means taking control over it by force”. It means if we say that the Islamic State of Iraq took control over many wide areas in Iraq by Taghallub (overpowering), this means that it has subdued all the groups, and these groups have become incapable of doing what they wish to do. However, the issue is not like that.

He also said: “Uthman did not become a leader by the choice of some, but rather by all the people giving Bay’ah to him”.13 However as for the Islamic State of Iraq, most of the people of power from the tribes and groups withheld from giving them their Bay’ah. So, then this matter did not take place based on a council or an approval from the people of power from the Jihadi groups and the major Sunni tribes in the field! And so, this state was not established by the agreement of Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (decision makers) in Iraq. But then was it established by Taghallub (overpowering) and by taking control forcefully (which is the second exceptional way to gain authority) …?! Firstly: What does Taghallub mean? In Mu’jam Al ‘Arabi (Arabic dictionary) it says “When it is said that he has made ‘Taghallub’ over his enemy, it means he has subdued and overpowered his enemy. Due to that, it is said that the one who has been overpowered (subdued under Taghallub) is the one who cannot carry out what he wishes! And ‘Taghallub’ over a certain country means taking control over it by force”. It means if we say that the Islamic State of Iraq took control over many wide areas in Iraq by Taghallub (overpowering), this means that it has subdued all the groups, and these groups have become incapable of doing what they wish to do. However, the issue is not like that.

However, the issue is not like that. Instead the groups during that time continued their military operations in an independent manner, and they did not submit to the Islamic State of Iraq. But let us for the sake of argument say that the State did Taghallub and they seized actual control. However, the previous judge of The Islamic State of Iraq, Abu Sulayman Al’Utaybi says: “Abu Hamza Al-Muhajir said in a very clear manner in his speech which was released recently that “We possess eighty percent of the territories of Salahuddin and Diyala, and as for Anbar, we are the ones taking the lead in it”. This statement was so strange that everyone who heard this would laugh except those who agreed with this way. And we most of the time could not find any shelter or home to spend the night – praise be to Allah whatever be the situation as this is Jihad and we ask Allah to accept our deeds. And our situation before declaring the State was stronger and more stable many times more than our situation now. But this is due to what our own hands have earned and due to us having neglected fulfilling the trust”.14 These words were repeated by this judge with some details. And when he went to Khurasan after he left from Iraq, his companion, al-Mu’tazz Billah, narrated his statement saying: “One of the funny stories is that Shaykh Abu Sulayman – may Allah have mercy upon him – said: “We were one day me and five ministers of the State, the minister of industry, the minister of fisheries, the minister of electricity, the minister of

11 He also said “The leadership (Imamah) according to Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jama’a is confirmed by the approval of the people of power for it. A man cannot become a leader (Imam) until he is approved by the people of power whose obedience to him would be what fulfills the purpose of the leadership. The purpose of the leadership will only be fulfilled through capability and authority. So, if he is given a pledge of allegiance through which power and authority are obtained, then he will become a leader”.12 He also said: “Uthman did not become a leader by the choice of some, but rather by all the people giving Bay’ah to him”.13 However as for the Islamic State of Iraq, most of the people of power from the tribes and groups withheld from giving them their Bay’ah. So, then this matter did not take place based on a council or an approval from the people of power from the Jihadi groups and the major Sunni tribes in the field! And so, this state was not established by the agreement of Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (decision makers) in Iraq. But then was it established by Taghallub (overpowering) and by taking control forcefully (which is the second exceptional way to gain authority) …?! Firstly: What does Taghallub mean? In Mu’jam Al ‘Arabi (Arabic dictionary) it says “When it is said that he has made ‘Taghallub’ over his enemy, it means he has subdued and overpowered his enemy. Due to that, it is said that the one who has been overpowered (subdued under Taghallub) is the one who cannot carry out what he wishes! And ‘Taghallub’ over a certain country means taking control over it by force”. It means if we say that the Islamic State of Iraq took control over many wide areas in Iraq by Taghallub (overpowering), this means that it has subdued all the groups, and these groups have become incapable of doing what they wish to do. However, the issue is not like that. Instead the groups during that time continued their military operations in an independent manner, and they did not submit to the Islamic State of Iraq. But let us for the sake of argument say that the State did Taghallub and they seized actual control. However, the previous judge of The Islamic State of Iraq, Abu Sulayman Al’Utaybi says: “Abu Hamza Al-Muhajir said in a very clear manner in his speech which was released recently that “We possess eighty percent of the territories of Salahuddin and Diyala, and as for Anbar, we are the ones taking the lead in it”. This statement was so strange that everyone who heard this would laugh except those who agreed with this way. And we most of the time could not find any shelter or home to spend the night – praise be to Allah whatever be the situation as this is Jihad and we ask Allah to accept our deeds. And our situation before declaring the State was stronger and more stable many times more than our situation now. But this is due to what our own hands have earned and due to us having neglected fulfilling the trust”.14 These words were repeated by this judge with some details. And when he went to Khurasan after he left from Iraq, his companion, al-Mu’tazz Billah, narrated his statement saying: “One of the funny stories is that Shaykh Abu Sulayman – may Allah have mercy upon him – said: “We were one day me and five ministers of the State, the minister of industry, the minister of fisheries, the minister of electricity, the minister of

11 He also said “The leadership (Imamah) according to Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jama’a is confirmed by the approval of the people of power for it. A man cannot become a leader (Imam) until he is approved by the people of power whose obedience to him would be what fulfills the purpose of the leadership. The purpose of the leadership will only be fulfilled through capability and authority. So, if he is given a pledge of allegiance through which power and authority are obtained, then he will become a leader”.12 He also said: “Uthman did not become a leader by the choice of some, but rather by all the people giving Bay’ah to him”.13 However as for the Islamic State of Iraq, most of the people of power from the tribes and groups withheld from giving them their Bay’ah. So, then this matter did not take place based on a council or an approval from the people of power from the Jihadi groups and the major Sunni tribes in the field! And so, this state was not established by the agreement of Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (decision makers) in Iraq. But then was it established by Taghallub (overpowering) and by taking control forcefully (which is the second exceptional way to gain authority) …?! Firstly: What does Taghallub mean? In Mu’jam Al ‘Arabi (Arabic dictionary) it says “When it is said that he has made ‘Taghallub’ over his enemy, it means he has subdued and overpowered his enemy. Due to that, it is said that the one who has been overpowered (subdued under Taghallub) is the one who cannot carry out what he wishes! And ‘Taghallub’ over a certain country means taking control over it by force”. It means if we say that the Islamic State of Iraq took control over many wide areas in Iraq by Taghallub (overpowering), this means that it has subdued all the groups, and these groups have become incapable of doing what they wish to do. However, the issue is not like that. Instead the groups during that time continued their military operations in an independent manner, and they did not submit to the Islamic State of Iraq. But let us for the sake of argument say that the State did Taghallub and they seized actual control. However, the previous judge of The Islamic State of Iraq, Abu Sulayman Al’Utaybi says: “Abu Hamza Al-Muhajir said in a very clear manner in his speech which was released recently that “We possess eighty percent of the territories of Salahuddin and Diyala, and as for Anbar, we are the ones taking the lead in it”. This statement was so strange that everyone who heard this would laugh except those who agreed with this way. And we most of the time could not find any shelter or home to spend the night – praise be to Allah whatever be the situation as this is Jihad and we ask Allah to accept our deeds. And our situation before declaring the State was stronger and more stable many times more than our situation now. But this is due to what our own hands have earned and due to us having neglected fulfilling the trust”.14 These words were repeated by this judge with some details. And when he went to Khurasan after he left from Iraq, his companion, al-Mu’tazz Billah, narrated his statement saying: “One of the funny stories is that Shaykh Abu Sulayman – may Allah have mercy upon him – said: “We were one day me and five ministers of the State, the minister of industry, the minister of fisheries, the minister of electricity, the minister of council, and there wasn’t even a house for us to sleep in” …! And he said, “During one of those days, we the ministers looked at each other; minister of such, and minister of such, and the general judge of the State”, and he said, “I swear by Allah sometimes we would sleep in the gardens and sometimes in the farms”!15 This matter has been agreed to even by the closest ally of the so called Islamic State of Iraq, which is the group Ansar Al-Islam. The bureau of Shariah and judiciary present in the group said to the leadership of the Islamic State of Iraq: “It is astonishing to see that your group is insisting on the obligation of giving Bay’ah to its leader as a Khilafah to mobilize and join under its banner and its slogans, even though obedience is only for the one who is known and has a firm and stable authority…!! Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, whose words you use as evidence, says about the validity of your Bay’ah: “The Prophet – may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him – ordered to obey the leaders who are present and known, who have authority and are capable of ruling the people. And he did not order to obey the one who has no authority and no ability for anything…” 16 Thus ponder on this. And praise be to Allah for well-being”.17 This matter is confirmed on the tongues of their leaders. A member of the Shura Council, Abu ‘Ubaydah Al’Iraqi says: “I swear by Allah that their people did not leave the Muslims’ lands which they ruled by Allah’s law except with thousands of martyrs”.18 So, he is confirming that they left the areas which they controlled, and all of those areas went back to the hands of the enemy. Rather another member of the Shura Council in the Islamic State of Iraq says: “And so, began clearly a series of continuous retreats, and running away without attacking. And we started to run and run and run until we ended up in wild, lifeless deserts, and the apostates and the Americans began launching operations against us to eliminate us, and we lost the cities, and after that the villages. And then the desert became a dangerous sanctuary, and we moved away from the people and we found ourselves in the wilderness of the desert.”19 What is even more clear than all these is what Abu Muhammad Al-Adnani said confirming all the above: “Did we get defeated when we lost the cities in Iraq and spent the nights in the desert without any city or any land?”20 Adnani here is acknowledging that during a previous period they were in the desert without any city or land…! Thus, they ended up without power or actual control and they lost the cities, the villages and the lands. However, in this situation the ‘state’ would cease to exist even if they established their ‘state’ by overpowering because states cease to exist if they lose their authority. Turkī al-Bin’alī for example, when he narrated the statements of the Imams of Salaf regarding Tamkeen (stability), he commented on their words and said: “And this proves to you the importance of gaining capability and strength and power – as a basic rule – and linking that very closely to the issue of leadership and Khilafah, since the purpose is to gain stability even if it be partially over some of the Muslim lands.”21 So, when you are in the desert having no control over anything, then about what stability and leadership or governance are you talking about?! Then the situation stayed like this even after the establishment of Jabhat un Nusra, while what was known as the ‘Islamic State of Iraq’ was still without lands and territories, and they had no public presence! And if we say that Jabhat un Nusra is an extension of the Islamic State of Iraq, and that any expansion or control by Jabhat Nusra would necessarily be an indication confirming the stability of the Islamic State in Iraq, then we say that the control that Jabhat Nusra had was not specific to it, and it did not overpower or subjugate all other groups under its command. It did not overpower, but instead there was a joint management (by participation with other groups). Hence if there was no overpowering then it means there was no any presence for the Islamic State. We have already explained that the meaning of Taghallub is subjugation and not participation in management and ruling…! Moreover, the groups did not submit to and did not surrender to the courts of the Islamic state, even after their declaration of their ‘expansion to Shaam’. Rather they opened their own courts named as “Al-Hay’at Al-Shar’iyya”. In fact, this State could not get the groups to submit to their courts when disputes arose between them and the groups, but instead they resorted to joint courts! Abu Muhammad Al’Adnani says: “The Islamic State surrendered to the joint courts, and here are the examples:  The case of the killing of Abu ʿUbaydah Al-Binnishi and the case of the killing of Muhammad Faaris Al-Halabi from Ahraar – may Allah have mercy upon them both – and the judge Abu ʿAbdul-Malik was from their side.  The case of the checkpoint of Liwaa At-Tawheed who took the area from the State, and the judge Hassan was from their side.  The case of Liwaa At-Tawheed who killed two of the soldiers of the State, and the judge Hassan from their side.  A case with Jabhat Al-Jawlani; when they killed Atiyyah Al’Anzi, a religious official of the State.  Another joint court was formed with Jabhat Joulani in relation to the Islamic administration for services.  A court with Ahraar Suriya in the case of those accused of attempting to assassinate Abu Anas Al-ʿIraqi, and the judge Mahmud Abu Maalik was from their side.  So Adnani says that instead of the others submitting to their (Islamic State’s) courts they instead submitted to joint courts! Thus, the State could not force or make these groups submit to them to be judged by their courts in order to prove really that they (the Islamic State) are the ones who have overpowered them. Rather the Islamic State was forced to be judged along with them under the joint courts. So, whether the state declared their expansion or not, it will not change the reality that the State in Iraq (if it was really a State because it had in fact fallen and it had returned to be an organization when they lost their stability), their expansion under the name ‘State’does not change the reality that it was an expansion of an organization that expanded from Iraq to Shaam. Based on that if we assumed that this State actually has no relation with or was not subordinate to Al-Qaeda in Khorasan, then the defection of Abu Muhammad Al-Joulani at that time was not a revolt against the legitimate leader who rules the Muslim masses. Rather it was

The case of the checkpoint of Liwaa At-Tawheed who took the area from the State, and the judge Hassan was from their side.  The case of Liwaa At-Tawheed who killed two of the soldiers of the State, and the judge Hassan from their side.  A case with Jabhat Al-Jawlani; when they killed Atiyyah Al’Anzi, a religious official of the State.  Another joint court was formed with Jabhat Joulani in relation to the Islamic administration for services.  A court with Ahraar Suriya in the case of those accused of attempting to assassinate Abu Anas Al-ʿIraqi, and the judge Mahmud Abu Maalik was from their side.  So Adnani says that instead of the others submitting to their (Islamic State’s) courts they instead submitted to joint courts! Thus, the State could not force or make these groups submit to them to be judged by their courts in order to prove really that they (the Islamic State) are the ones who have overpowered them. Rather the Islamic State was forced to be judged along with them under the joint courts. So, whether the state declared their expansion or not, it will not change the reality that the State in Iraq (if it was really a State because it had in fact fallen and it had returned to be an organization when they lost their stability), their expansion under the name ‘State’does not change the reality that it was an expansion of an organization that expanded from Iraq to Shaam. Based on that if we assumed that this State actually has no relation with or was not subordinate to Al-Qaeda in Khorasan, then the defection of Abu Muhammad Al-Joulani at that time was not a revolt against the legitimate leader who rules the Muslim masses. Rather it was against a leader of a Jihadi group only. So, the specific Hadiths about leadership or public governance are not applicable on him to portray him as having revolted against the legitimate leader. So, the question here is regarding the declaration of a State in Shaam by Baghdadi’s group – Was this declaration after taking Bay’ah from the people of decision (Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd) and of power?! Or was it by overpowering?! It was neither by Shura (consultation) nor by the Bay’ah of the people of decision in Shaam. Rather it was done suddenly and even far away from Abu Muhammad Al Joulani and far away from the Shura Council of Jabhatun Nusrah despite them being the closest of people to the Islamic State! 24 Let alone the other major groups and tribes and the people of decision in the Shaam…! 25 And they stayed from April 2013 until the end of December 2013 while jointly sharing control with the other groups for managing the areas, and there was no overpowering or subjugating. Then at the beginning of 2014 the conflict exploded between them and the other groups, and they left Aleppo and Idlib and they took control over Ar-Raqqa and over areas from Al-Hasakah, and then after that over the province of Deir Al-Zour completely during the month of July 2014. So, it is only at this time they dominated by overpowering! Then they declared a Khilafa claiming it to be on the prophet’s methodology!! But was this Khilafah made after consultation? Abu Muhammad Al-‘Adnani answers for us and says: “How can you announce the Khilafah when the Ummah has not rallied behind you? For your authority is not accepted by the groups, factions, detachments, brigades, corps, banners, sects, parties, assemblies, councils, institutions, coordination teams, leagues, coalitions, armies, fronts, movements, and organizations.” Say to them, {But they will not cease to differ except whom your Lord has given mercy} [Hūd: 118-119]. They have never united on a single issue, nor will they ever unite on any issue except for those whom Allah has mercy upon.”  The reality is that using this verse as a proof arises from a great ignorance.

So, the question here is regarding the declaration of a State in Shaam by Baghdadi’s group – Was this declaration after taking Bay’ah from the people of decision (Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd) and of power?! Or was it by overpowering?! It was neither by Shura (consultation) nor by the Bay’ah of the people of decision in Shaam. Rather it was done suddenly and even far away from Abu Muhammad Al Joulani and far away from the Shura Council of Jabhatun Nusrah despite them being the closest of people to the Islamic State! 24 Let alone the other major groups and tribes and the people of decision in the Shaam…! 25 And they stayed from April 2013 until the end of December 2013 while jointly sharing control with the other groups for managing the areas, and there was no overpowering or subjugating. Then at the beginning of 2014 the conflict exploded between them and the other groups, and they left Aleppo and Idlib and they took control over Ar-Raqqa and over areas from Al-Hasakah, and then after that over the province of Deir Al-Zour completely during the month of July 2014. So, it is only at this time they dominated by overpowering! Then they declared a Khilafa claiming it to be on the prophet’s methodology!! But was this Khilafah made after consultation? Abu Muhammad Al-‘Adnani answers for us and says: “How can you announce the Khilafah when the Ummah has not rallied behind you? For your authority is not accepted by the groups, factions, detachments, brigades, corps, banners, sects, parties, assemblies, councils, institutions, coordination teams, leagues, coalitions, armies, fronts, movements, and organizations.” Say to them, {But they will not cease to differ except whom your Lord has given mercy} [Hūd: 118-119]. They have never united on a single issue, nor will they ever unite on any issue except for those whom Allah has mercy upon.”  The reality is that using this verse as a proof arises from a great ignorance.

The people of Tafseer (commentators of the Quran) whom Imam Tabari mentioned while explaining this verse said: “It is a disagreement over religions. The explanation is: And the people will keep disagreeing upon many different religions, between a Jew and a Christian, and a Magian, and so on. And those who said this also said: “Allah excluded those whom He had mercy upon, and they are the believers”. And others said, “Rather it means they will keep differing in their sustenance, this one being rich and the other being poor”. And others said, “They will differ in receiving forgiveness and mercy”. So, are the factions, the battalions, the detachments, the brigades and the parties are the Jews and Christians and Magians? And only those in the Islamic State are Muslims, for this verse to be applied on them? Secondly, assuming that the nature of humankind is to differ and disagree, what then is the duty towards this issue? Is it to deepen the differences and increase them?! Or is to strive to end them or lessen them as much as possible? Disagreement is evil, and Allah has warned us from it and He said: {And be not like those who became divided and disagreed after clear arguments had come to them, and these it is that shall have a grievous chastisement.} [Aal Imran: 105] Therefore, we should strive to bring closer the different views through consultation. Allah says praising the believers: {They conduct their affairs by mutual consultation} [Shura: 38]. If mankind differs and will not agree, then why did Allah order us to do consultation? Will Allah order us to do the impossible? And then Al’Adnani continued saying: “If they tell you: You have stepped over them by acting on your own judgment! Why didn’t you consult them and excuse them and try to win them over?” Say to them: The issue is much more urgent than that; {And I hastened to You, My Lord, so that You may be pleased} [Taha:84] Poem: We took it forcibly at the point of the sword We brought it back by overpowering and dominating”. He dodged the issue of Shura by giving reasons such

He dodged the issue of Shura by giving reasons such as:  The presence of disagreements and that the people will not agree on one leader! That the matter is too urgent, and so it would not be right to consult! And with that this ‘Khilafa which is on the prophetic methodology’ was not established based on Shura as per the confession of its official spokesman. Rather, it was established by overpowering, subjugating and by using force against all. And this overpowering and making the right to nominate a Khalifa exclusive to one group alone by excluding the Muslim public, is not a characteristic of a Khilafah which is upon the prophetic methodology. There is not a single one from the Khulafa Ar-Rashideen (the four righteous Khalifas) who were upon the prophetic methodology, who consulted his supporters only, without consulting the rest of the Muslims for appointing himself as a Khalifa! And none of the scholars made it a condition that everyone from the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision) in the land should agree with you, and that he should not oppose you! And there is not a single Khalifa who said that ‘only those who support me are the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision)’! As if the entire Ummah has no people of influence…! The other issue is the long Hadith in which the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Prophethood will last amongst you for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an agonizing kingship (Mulkan Aadhan – ملكًا عاضًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an oppressive kingship (Mulkan Jabariyan – ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to be, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up.

And this overpowering and making the right to nominate a Khalifa exclusive to one group alone by excluding the Muslim public, is not a characteristic of a Khilafah which is upon the prophetic methodology. There is not a single one from the Khulafa Ar-Rashideen (the four righteous Khalifas) who were upon the prophetic methodology, who consulted his supporters only, without consulting the rest of the Muslims for appointing himself as a Khalifa! And none of the scholars made it a condition that everyone from the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision) in the land should agree with you, and that he should not oppose you! And there is not a single Khalifa who said that ‘only those who support me are the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision)’! As if the entire Ummah has no people of influence…! The other issue is the long Hadith in which the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Prophethood will last amongst you for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an agonizing kingship (Mulkan Aadhan – ملكًا عاضًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an oppressive kingship (Mulkan Jabariyan – ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to be, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up.

And this overpowering and making the right to nominate a Khalifa exclusive to one group alone by excluding the Muslim public, is not a characteristic of a Khilafah which is upon the prophetic methodology. There is not a single one from the Khulafa Ar-Rashideen (the four righteous Khalifas) who were upon the prophetic methodology, who consulted his supporters only, without consulting the rest of the Muslims for appointing himself as a Khalifa! And none of the scholars made it a condition that everyone from the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision) in the land should agree with you, and that he should not oppose you! And there is not a single Khalifa who said that ‘only those who support me are the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision)’! As if the entire Ummah has no people of influence…! The other issue is the long Hadith in which the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Prophethood will last amongst you for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an agonizing kingship (Mulkan Aadhan – ملكًا عاضًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an oppressive kingship (Mulkan Jabariyan – ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to be, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up.

And this overpowering and making the right to nominate a Khalifa exclusive to one group alone by excluding the Muslim public, is not a characteristic of a Khilafah which is upon the prophetic methodology. There is not a single one from the Khulafa Ar-Rashideen (the four righteous Khalifas) who were upon the prophetic methodology, who consulted his supporters only, without consulting the rest of the Muslims for appointing himself as a Khalifa! And none of the scholars made it a condition that everyone from the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision) in the land should agree with you, and that he should not oppose you! And there is not a single Khalifa who said that ‘only those who support me are the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision)’! As if the entire Ummah has no people of influence…! The other issue is the long Hadith in which the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Prophethood will last amongst you for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an agonizing kingship (Mulkan Aadhan – ملكًا عاضًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an oppressive kingship (Mulkan Jabariyan – ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to be, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up.

 

Then there will be a Khilafah on the way of Prophet-hood.’ This proves that the Khilafah on the prophetic methodology will be after the oppressive dictatorial rule has been lifted and after it ends like how our prophet – صلى الله عليه وسلم said in the Hadith that: ‘Then there will be an oppressive rule ( ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to last, and then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. THEN there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology.” Thus, the chronological order for the Khilafah which will be on the prophetic methodology will be AFTER the dictatorial oppressive regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this Khilafah got announced while the oppressive dictatorial regimes are still in existence and before they have been brought down. And this is a clear opposition to the prophetic text, which says that the Khilafah will not be established until AFTER these regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this so called Khilafa could not end the existence of even a single one of the regimes that is fighting it! So, they applied the prophetic text on themselves for the sake of propaganda and publicity only, nothing else. And they are not the people of Khilafah which is on the prophetic methodology which our prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave glad tidings of in the Hadith. So, what a great difference between the false dawn and the true dawn. In fact, the true dawn will come after the false dawn.  And I do not think that the situation of Baghdadi’s Khilafah is anything except what Professor Yasir Al Ahmadi has said: “Some people have the correct (religious) text with them, but they do not have the correct intentions, and so they try to apply the text in the wrong context, aiming for personal gain, and for things like that.” And finally, praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

On the other hand, this Khilafah got announced while the oppressive dictatorial regimes are still in existence and before they have been brought down. And this is a clear opposition to the prophetic text, which says that the Khilafah will not be established until AFTER these regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this so called Khilafa could not end the existence of even a single one of the regimes that is fighting it! So, they applied the prophetic text on themselves for the sake of propaganda and publicity only, nothing else. And they are not the people of Khilafah which is on the prophetic methodology which our prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave glad tidings of in the Hadith. So, what a great difference between the false dawn and the true dawn. In fact, the true dawn will come after the false dawn.  And I do not think that the situation of Baghdadi’s Khilafah is anything except what Professor Yasir Al Ahmadi has said: “Some people have the correct (religious) text with them, but they do not have the correct intentions, and so they try to apply the text in the wrong context, aiming for personal gain, and for things like that.” And finally, praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

Thus, the chronological order for the Khilafah which will be on the prophetic methodology will be AFTER the dictatorial oppressive regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this Khilafah got announced while the oppressive dictatorial regimes are still in existence and before they have been brought down. And this is a clear opposition to the prophetic text, which says that the Khilafah will not be established until AFTER these regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this so called Khilafa could not end the existence of even a single one of the regimes that is fighting it! So, they applied the prophetic text on themselves for the sake of propaganda and publicity only, nothing else. And they are not the people of Khilafah which is on the prophetic methodology which our prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave glad tidings of in the Hadith. So, what a great difference between the false dawn and the true dawn. In fact, the true dawn will come after the false dawn.  And I do not think that the situation of Baghdadi’s Khilafah is anything except what Professor Yasir Al Ahmadi has said: “Some people have the correct (religious) text with them, but they do not have the correct intentions, and so they try to apply the text in the wrong context, aiming for personal gain, and for things like that.” And finally, praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

THEN there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology.” Thus, the chronological order for the Khilafah which will be on the prophetic methodology will be AFTER the dictatorial oppressive regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this Khilafah got announced while the oppressive dictatorial regimes are still in existence and before they have been brought down. And this is a clear opposition to the prophetic text, which says that the Khilafah will not be established until AFTER these regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this so called Khilafa could not end the existence of even a single one of the regimes that is fighting it! So, they applied the prophetic text on themselves for the sake of propaganda and publicity only, nothing else. And they are not the people of Khilafah which is on the prophetic methodology which our prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave glad tidings of in the Hadith. So, what a great difference between the false dawn and the true dawn. In fact, the true dawn will come after the false dawn.  And I do not think that the situation of Baghdadi’s Khilafah is anything except what Professor Yasir Al Ahmadi has said: “Some people have the correct (religious) text with them, but they do not have the correct intentions, and so they try to apply the text in the wrong context, aiming for personal gain, and for things like that.” And finally, praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

 

Sayid Qutb: Father of Takfiri Jihadism.

For all its austerity and fundamentalism Saudi Arabia did not give birth to the ideology of modern Islamism, rather its modern origins are to be found in Egypt, within the Muslim Brotherhood whose most able son Sayid Qutb, would transcend his teachers and conceive the ideology that gave birth to al-Qaeda.

Today the Muslim Brotherhood is denounced as an apostate organization by ISIS and other hardline Islamist movements, yet a careful study of Islamist history, will prove that their ideological father is the Muslim Brotherhood. Lawrence Wright in his book; ―The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda And The Road To 911, gave a comprehensive view into Qutb‘s influences, his American sojourn, his imprisonment, torture and eventual execution at the hands of the Egyptian authorities at the time. Wright described Qutb and the Egyptian reality at the time in the following: ―Like many of his compatriots he was radicalized by the British occupation and was contemptuous of the jaded king Farouk‘s complicity. Egypt was racked by anti-British protests and seditous political factions bent on running the forign troops out of the country-and perhaps the king as well. What made this unimposing midlevel government clerk particularly dangerous was his blunt and potent commentary. He was western in so many ways –his dress, his love of classical music and Hollywood movies. He had read, in translation, the works of Darwin and Einstein, Byron and Shelley, and had immersed himself in French literature, especially Victor Hugo. Qutb like many Arabs, felt shocked and betrayed by the support that the US government had given to the Zionist cause after the war. Qutb wrote: I hate those westerners and despise them . All of them without any exception: the English, the French, the Dutch, and finally the Americans, who have been trusted by many.

1051

Luke Lobada a recipient of the 2004 Charles E. Parton award, wrote in an Ashbrook Statesmanship Thesis the following concerning Qutb, I think it would be highly constructive to include the portion on Qutb‘s, earlier background and his academic standing and achivements at that time.

―Sayyid Qutb was born in 1906 in the province of Asyut, which is located in southern Egypt. His parents were both deeply religious people who were wellknown in the area. From his years as a young child until the age of 27, he experienced a rigorous education. Qutb‘s evident desire for knowledge continued throughout his life. He began his elementary education in a religious school located in his hometown village. By the age of 10, he had already committed the entire text of the Qur‘an to memory. After transferring to a more modern government-sponsored school, Qutb graduated primary school in 1918. Due to his interests in education and teaching, Qutb enrolled into a teacher‘s college and graduated in 1928. Next, he was admitted into Dar al-Ulum, a Western-style university which was also attended by Hasan al-Banna, an Aab-Islamic leader who Qutb would later join in the Muslim Brotherhood. After his graduation from Dar al- Ulum in 1933, Qutb began his teaching career and eventually became involved in Egypt‘s Ministry of Education. The Ministry sent rhim abroad to the United States to research Western methods of teaching. He spent a total of two years in the United States from 1948 to 1950. During that time, Qutb studied at Wilson‘s Teachers‘College on the east coast before moving west and earning a M.A. in education at the University of Northern Colorado. Qutb‘s strong conviction that Islam was superior to all other systems was made clear in his work Social Justice in Islam, which was written prior to his trip. Nevertheless, many scholars believe that it was during his trip to the United States that Qutb became convinced of the West‘s spiritual and moral bankruptcy.

Qutb left America and returned to Cairo on a TWA flight, the date was August 20, 1950. While Qutb‘s beloved Egypt wallowed in record levels of corruption, assassination, poverty, illiteracy and disease, the Turkish holdout from the Ottoman empire king Farouk , Egypt‘s Britain backed king jetted around in private jet‘s, drove around Cairo in one of many of his cars, or went gambling on the Rivera. This was Qutb‘s Egypt. When Gamal Abdul Nasser then a young army colonel, seized power in Egypt, the old Ottoman tyrant fell replaced by an Egyptian one, Qutb would prove to be his staunchest enemy and would usher in the ―New Vangaurd. The army officers who were principals in the successful takeover of the government, closely coordinated with the Muslim Brotherhood, several of the officers even Anwar Saddat, Nasser‘s successor, were closely allied to the Muslim Brotherhood. Qutb returned to his job at the Ministry of Education, returning to his home in the suburbs of Helmand. Qutb published an open letter, to the revolutions leaders,, stressing that the only way to curb moral corruption was to impose a ―just dictatorship‖, that would grant political legitimacy to only ―the virtuous‖. Nasser‘s government and the Brotherhood were mismatched from the beginning, The Islamist‘s wanted a society ruled by Sharia, Nasser wanted to expand the role of his authoritarian, secular, nationalist government. Qutb was imprisoned by Nasser in 1954, three months later he was released. Upon his release he became the editor of the Muslim Brotherhood‘s magazine of the same name. On October 26, 1954. An Egyptian Brotherhood acolyte attempted an assassination on Nasser, he fired eight shot‘s wounding one of Nasser‘s bodyguards and missing Nasser entirely. Nasser reacted swiftly and brutally, six Muslim Brotherhood members were arrested then hanged, while thousands of others were placed in concentration camps. Qutb‘s turn soon came, suffering from a high fever he was arrested; he was handcuffed and frog marched to prison. Several times he fainted along the way. He was held in a cell with vicious dogs and mercilessly beaten. In court Qutb said: ―The principles of the revolution have indeed been applied to us ―, as he raised his shirt to reveal the marks of torture. Some of the imprisoned Muslim Brothers staged a strike refusing to leave their cells; they were summarily shot to death.

Twenty three of them died in the assault, and forty six injured. Qutb saw the wounded being brought in since he was in the prison‘s hospital.

Qutb reasoned that true Muislims could never treat fellow Muslims in such a manner, resultantly they were not Muslims, the concept of takfir (excommunication), was revived by Qutb . He wrote his manifesto ―Milestones‖ (Ma‘alim fi al-Tariq), while in prison. Through the aid of family and friends, his book circulated for many years underground, in the form of letters to his brothers and sisters, who were also active Islamist‘s. The book saw its first printing in 1964 and was promptly banned, anyone caught with a copy could be charged with sedition. Qutb wrote: ―Mankind today is on the brink of a precipice. Humanity is threatened not only by nuclear annihilation but also by the absence of values. The West has lost its vitality and Marxism has failed. At this crucial and bewildering juncture the turn of Islam and the Muslim community has arrived‖. Qutb wrote that the Muslim community was: ―crushed under the weight of those false laws and teachings which are not even remotely related to the Islamic teachings. We need to initiate the revival of the Islamic movement in some Muslim country‖. Qutb‘s writings posited that some Islamic country needed to serve as a visible example, of Islam‘s forward march to world domination. ―There should be a vanguard which sets out with this determination and keeps walking the path. I have written Milestones for this vangaurd, which I consider to be a waiting reality about to be materialized‖. Sayyid Qutb was hanged on August 29, 1966.

English translation of the latest fatwa by Hayy’at Tahrīr as-Shām.

z3fyyopy (1)

 

 

English translation by al-Maqalaat dd May 10, 2017

 

English translation of the recent statement by Hay’at Tahrir Shaam concerning the Astana deal.

“The legal position concerning the latest events and developments facing the Syrian revolution.

 

All praises are due to Allah Who said: “We will, without doubt, help our apostles and those who believe, (both) in this world’s life and on the Day when the Witnesses will stand forth.”

 

And the Exalted Who said: “Permission is given unto those who fight because they have been wronged, and Allah is indeed able to give them victory.”

 

And the most complete peace and blessings for always be upon our master and leader the Messenger of Allah, and his family and companions and those who adhere to them. As for what comes forth;

 

The series of plots against the Jihad of the people of Shaam and their blessed revolution is still ongoing and the latest chapter and most evil one is the Astana agreement. The sacrifices of the people of Shaam and their revolution and Jihad and blood and prisoners are sold on the market of regional and international bargains. As a contract was signed which achieves the interest of the international parties except the interest of the Syrian revolution and Shaam and its people.

 

The change of names does not change the realities, and the Muslims of Shaam will not be fooled by flashy slogans which try to fool them that they seek to bring an end to the bombings, while in reality, it is an attempt to deviate their revolution and a theft of their sacrifices with the excuse of protecting them. And they seek to break the backbone of the Mujahideen who are defending them in a way which prevents the regime from re-establishing its authority over them. And if the Muslims in Shaam would accept the equation: sacrificing the revolution to stop the bombing in return. Then they would not have revolted against the tyrant of Shaam in the first place and they would have accepted the tyrant himself similarly to these offers.

 

And in front of this reality which we pass through we have received news from multiple sources of unprecedented movements by some remnants of previous corrupt factions. And these movements seek to force and enter at the border and from there to the heartland of the liberated territories in Idlib and elsewhere. In a new conspiracy to achieve that which the disbelieving forces like the Russians and the Rawafid and the Nusayriyah were unable to achieve in all of these passed years; in terms of breaking the motivations of the Mujahideen and defeating them or taking over the territories, the Sunni Mujahideen liberated. These movements are carried out by a group of remnants of corrupt factions of whom the leadership were satisfied with loyalty to covert projects at the expense of the revolution of the people of Shaam and their Jihad. As they are preparing to assault the remaining territories of the revolution and Jihad in concordance with the resolutions of Astana.

 

And in accordance to these suspicious movements and sudden preparations the Fatwa council in Hay’at Tahrir Shaam has decided the following:

 

Firstly: agreeing to the Astane deal and accepting it is a betrayal to Allah, his messenger and the believers, also [ a betrayal ] to the blood spilt and efforts put forth in liberating the Muslims in Shaam from the shackles of the Nusayri [ sect ] , and a conspiracy to eliminate the Jihad and revolution in Shaam, and preparation to assign authority to the Nusayris again, and submitting the country and people to the disbelieving occupiers, by exercising the methods of guardianship over the Muslims of Shaam. So it is obligatory upon every Muslim to work on breaching this deal, oppose it, expose its reality and uncover those behind it.

 

Secondly: these gatherings and remnants are groups of corruption, agents, and mercenaries, despite their different names the factor that unites them is corruption in the lands, there isn’t a major sin that they haven’t committed in the lands they land upon, such as plunder of wealth, properties, dishonoring the Muslims and terrorizing those who are safe.

 

Due to this, repelling whoever intends to corrupt the revolution and Jihad from these people or other than them is a type of Jihad in which the aggressor who corrupts the religion and worldly matters is repelled, and it is obligatory upon every Muslim. They should rather fight deadly than to let them occupy the areas liberated by the blood of the Mujahideen. And if Allah writes death for one of us in those situations then what a blessed martyrdom it is in the sake of Allah and striving against his enemies. And it is obligatory upon the masses to fight those criminal remnants, and sacrifice the valuable than to allow those corrupters to advance towards any area under any pretext or banner.

 

And this ruling includes these remnants and also those who cooperate with them or allow them to work under their banner, all of them are the same in the ruling of the obligation to repel and fight them.

 

Finally: to our honored people in the guarded Shaam and land of resurrection and gathering, and to our soldiers and soldiers of all the Sunni factions we say, seek help from Allah Almighty in striving against your enemies until Allah judges between us and them, and do not enfeeble, sorrow, weaken or despair. Fight in defense of your religion, border, honor, land, revolution and Jihad.

 

“And Allah will surely support those who support Him. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.”

 

“O you who have believed, persevere and endure and remain stationed and fear Allah that you may be successful.”

 

And praises are due to Allah the Lord of the worlds.

Hay’at Tahrir Shaam

 

Fatwa Council

 

 

Islamic State executes Russian Intelligence Officer and Russian ‘spies’ .

11b813db-ddd0-4185-b90a-8da287c3413d

 

The terrorist group known as Islamic State executed what it described in a video, by its Furat Media as a ‘Russian Intelligence Officer’.

Furat Media released a 12:17 wherein several Russian-speaking men were executed; some were executed by a young Russian boy. The footage of the boy is actually from a previously released video. What the video is essentially claiming is, the Russian government attempted to infiltrate the groups’ ranks with its spies, who were captured and executed. The intelligence officer clothed in black and wearing a black cap is shown in the video naming several Russians as spies within the ranks of IS. The man is beheaded later in the video by a Russian-speaking man dressed identically to the young Russian boy in the video.  The Kremlin is denying the capture and execution of any of its officers by IS.

The man in the video is said to have been captured by IS fighters in Syria.

New statement from the Teḥrīk-ī-Ṭālibān Pākistān’s Muḥammad al-Khurāsānī: “Claiming Responsibility For Assaulting the Pākistānī Army Camp In Retaliation For the Drone Attack in North Wazīristān”.

May 2, 2017

 

Falcon character Mujahideen of TTP attacked Pakistani Army camp and many posts in Shawal area of North Waziristan on 1st May at 7 pm.

 

Light and heavy weapons were used freely in this attack, and it continued for one hour. One hundred and twenty Mujahideen participated in this attack and they continued firing at camp for one hour, in which more than 10 apostates were sent to hell and several were wounded and those who survived this attack fled away leaving their posts. Our 6 companions were also injured in this attack.

 

The camp took fire due to this attack and continued burning for hour.

 

It should be in mind that this attack was in retaliation for the drone attack which targeted Akhtar Muhammad Khaleel’s (May Allah safeguard him) companions.

 

Our attacks will continue until the elimination of deluding system of democracy and up to the implementation of Islamic System in Pakistan. Insha’ALLAH (If ALLAH wills)

 

Mohammad Khurasani

Central Spokesman TTP

New statement from the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan: “Regarding the Inauguration of the Spring Offensive ‘Operation Manṣūrī’” on April 28, 2017.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

(قال الله تبارک و تعالی : إنهم لهم المنصورون، وإن جندنا لهم الغالبون. الصافات (۱۷۱ – ۱۷۲

Translation: “[That] indeed, they would be made triumphant (Mansuroon). And verily, our soldiers will be the victors.” (171-172:37).

 

 

Although over the course of the 15-year Jihad the foreign occupiers have suffered heavy casualties and a large number of the coalition have withdrawn from our lands yet under American leadership some unjust countries insist on the continued occupation of Afghanistan. They prioritize war over peace, increasing their troop numbers and dropping ever larger bombs on our territory. They employ numerous tactics and strategies in order to prolong the occupation and keep our faithful and independent nation under their vassalage. The Islamic Emirate therefore has determined that with the advantageous weather we once again launch our yearly spring offensive against the foreign forces and their internal allies named Operation Mansouri.

 

The fact that under the leadership of Shaheed Amir ul Mu’mineen Mullah Akhtar Muhammad Mansour the Mujahideen gained various decisive victories, annihilated highway robbers and impious people, foiled various seditions and intrigues, leaped forward in the political and social arenas, humiliated various foreign powers compelling them to leave our land, and achieve copious other proud milestones, thus we supplicate to Allah Almighty that through the martyr’s blessed name – Operation Mansouri – the Almighty consecrate this Operation so that throughout its duration our sacred land is cleansed from the remaining foreign aggressors and other impious and corrupt elements.

 

With the help of Allah Almighty and the infinite sacrifices of our Mujahid nation the foreign forces have suffered a historic defeat having been forced to admit that the Mujahideen control more than half of Afghanistan. Hence, keeping the evolving situation in mind, this year’s Mansouri Operations will differ from previous ones in nature and will be conducted with a twin-tracked political and military approach.

 

In the political sphere:

In those areas that have been cleansed from the enemy and under the full control of the Mujahideen, particular attention will be paid to establishing mechanisms for social justice and development so that our people can live a secure and prosperous life.

In cleansed districts and areas state-building will earnestly proceed and institutions will be erected to secure the social, security, and legal rights of the citizens.

In all the conquered areas special dawah and propagation apparatus will be set up to help those deceived by the enemy see the truth of our struggle, relinquish their opposition and return back to their villages and their people.

 

In the military sphere:

In those areas where the Mujahideen do not have full control, the enemy will be targeted, harassed, killed, or captured until they are compelled to abandon their few remaining posts.

The main focus of Operation Mansouri will be on foreign forces, their military and intelligence infrastructure and in eliminating their internal mercenary apparatus.

These operations will involve conventional attacks, guerrilla warfare, complex martyrdom attacks, insider attacks, and use of IEDs to achieve their objectives. With the help of Allah Almighty.

During these operations the Mujahideen will be required to scrutinize their targets and places so as to minimize civilian casualties paying heed to the principles of necessity and proportionality.

In the spirit that the eighth of Saur has become a historic day in our annals against Warsaw Pact and the Red Army, so Operation Mansouri will also be launched on 8th Saur 1396 of the Solar Hijri calendar; corresponding with first of Sha’ban 1438 and 28th April 2017 in the Lunar Hijri and Gregorian calendars respectively; in all the nation’s provinces. They will be initiated at 5 am local time with the cries of Allah is Great, targeting the foreign forces and their bases. We request from civilians – in order to minimize collateral damage – that they avoid enemy bases and their military and intelligence personnel and to assist their Mujahideen brothers by all means possible.

 

Wassalam

Leadership Council of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

01/08/1438 Lunar Hijri 08/02/1396 Solar Hijri 28/04/2017 Gregorian

 

New statement from the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan: “Regarding The Latest U.S. Barbarity In Nangarhar Province”

April 17, 2017

l_dzla8q

On 13 April 2017 at approximately 7:30 pm local time in Nangarhar’s Achin district, in the area of Mamund valley, American forces dropped – according to their statement – the largest non-nuclear bomb known as the ‘mother of all bombs’. This barbarity was followed with much fanfare with the Americans proudly boasting about it in the media thus showcasing the increasing barbarity of the foreign occupation.
The use and experimentation of such destructive weapons by foreign occupiers on our war-weary people and in every corner of our war-ravaged country is inexcusable. The Islamic Emirate condemns such barbarity in the strongest of terms and considers its perpetrators as war criminals. Such over-proportionate use of destruction poses long-term detriments for the environment and the development of our nation.
The repression of Daesh plots inside Afghanistan is the obligation of Afghans and not of foreigners. If the Americans fear for their security they should foil such plots at their own borders. The use of Daesh as a ploy to kill Afghans, bombard our lands, experiment novel weapons, and extend the illegitimate occupation is unacceptable. On the contrary, it is a historical wrong and a blatant aggression.
Through such actions the Americans hope to portray itself as a force against Daesh while at the same time giving this group visibility and legitimacy and therefore practically strengthening it. In recent months the Islamic Emirate carried out three separate operations against Daesh in Nangarhar yet every time the Mujahideen came close to completely eradicating this group, American aircraft would start bombarding the Mujahideen and forcing them to retreat.
The fact that the Americans claim that their presence in Afghanistan is limited only to a train and assist role while dropping 10 kiloton bombs on our lands only strengthens the voices of independence and Jihad in our land. Such barbarity illustrates that all freedom-loving Afghans ought to adopt a clear stance against the ongoing oppression of our country and no longer be fooled by American extenuations.
We believe that the use of heavy weaponry and destructive bombs in our country is not the answer to the current dilemma. Rather such irresponsible actions only light the flames of vengeance and show the ugly face of foreign occupation.
Zabihullah Mujahid
Spokesman of Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
17/07/1438 Lunar Hijri
26/01/1396 Solar Hijri