Category Archives: American Slave Trade

Rastafari and its Shamanist Origins.

Image: Some Caribbean islands including the lesser and Greater Antilles. Martinique,

Guadeloupe and French Sint Martin were called the French Antilles, with Sint Maarten, Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatia comprising the Dutch Antilles. Frantz Fanon the Martiniquan Doctor, revolutionary, author, Marxist and Antillean. Carlos Cooks was an Antillean. Maurice Bishop though a Grenadian by parentage was born in Aruba and attended school for a period of time there. Athyli Rogers author of the Rastafari bible, the Holy Piby, was an Anguillan, though Anguilla is not an Antillean island, Anguillans and Sint Maarteners are related by blood ties and share a common heritage. Edward Wilmot Blyden the man whose world-renowned protégé Marcus Garvey, is heralded by most Pan-Africanists as the father of their ideology, is a virtual unknown in so-called black studies‖ literature. Most writers writing about the Pan-Caribbean Pan-African experience tend to focus on Jamaicans and Africans conveniently omitting the fact that the actual Pan-Caribbean, Pan-Africanist movement started in the smaller islands and not in Jamaica. The movement was begun by people like Edward Blyden and others even before him. George Padmore and C.L.R James are rarely ever written about but they are in fact intrinsic to any honest analysis of the Pan-Caribbean and Pan-Africanist movement in the world today. This book though not a Pan African nor a Pan Caribbean work yet gives due credence to the greats in the aforementioned since, without their efforts, a work such as this would indeed be lacking substance in certain areas.

In her book, The First Rasta Helen Lee claims, that Marcus Garvey was agitating for integration, how a supposedly informed individual could make such a claim, can mean only one thing, Lee who is obviously enamored with Howell; was pandering to certain sentiments and sensibilities of the type of readership that she caters to.
After his release from prison on trumped-up charges Marcus Garvey was deported to Jamaica in 1928, where he resumed his activities on behalf of Africans everywhere.
He was politically active in Jamaica where he ran for a seat on the city council while he was in prison, and he won by an overwhelming margin.


Lee’s attempt at diminishing the impact and influence of Marcus Garvey on the development of African civilization in the Diaspora is exposed in this work for what it is, a specious attempt at misinformation. The historical records clearly show that Garvey was deported back to Jamaica he later left for England, where he died in 1940. Creating the false notion that Garvey never returned to Jamaica but was somehow sent to England, is a deliberate and malicious attempt, by this white journalist, claiming to identify so greatly with the Rastafari, that even within the obvious suicidal behavior of Athlyi (―Roger Athlyi‖ writer of the Holy Piby i.e. the Rastafari bible). Lee attempted to make Athlyi some sort of hero. Athlyi killed himself plain and simple; no amount of misplaced pandering to misdirected sensibilities can change that.
The likes of Athlyi were not and have never been a great influence on black people globally Athlyi‘ marginal influence is limited to the few followers he had in his heyday, likewise Leonard Howell. Marcus Mosiah Garvey on the other hand influenced black intellectuals globally and he still does so today from politicians and preachers to university students to street hustlers Garveyism has had an enduring impact on the world that no human being can diminish nor deny.

The ideology that Garvey espoused, led to many African leaders, such as Kwame Nkrumah, and Jomo Kenyatta just to mention two very famous leaders, who openly called themselves Pan-Africanists after the ideology developed by Marcus Mosiah Garvey. The ideology called Garveyism led to these men formulating the methods and means that they would later utilize to bring about the independence of their respective countries. That they failed to follow in the Pan-African tradition after having achieved independence is no reflection on Garveyism at all, but rather it is a reflection on the men as human beings.


Today both the JLP and the PNP of Jamaica are vying for the right to call themselves the ideological successors of Marcus Garvey; fortunately for Garvey history will show that he was not a socialist. Garvey believed firmly in the democratic ideal, and capitalism, in fact, was his preferred economic model.
Both the JLP and PNP are socialistic in their rhetoric, in practice, they are decidedly autocratic, and absolutist in their governing styles bordering on oligarchies. The very fact that these parties are now vying for the right to call Marcus Garvey, the father of their political ideology, points to his universal acceptance that has in fact forced the political hierarchy in his homeland, to want to adopt him as the father of their various movements.


Pan-Africanists, the Rastafari, and students of the enlightened variety both white and black have long accepted and understood the universal truths espoused by Marcus Garvey; however, his separatist rhetoric has been and rightly should be avoided by most. The applicability of his political program, as pertains to the betterment, of the condition of the Africans in the Diaspora, should be championed by any truly enlightened Caribbean leader.
Caribbean people, do not need journalists, or academicians to define their reality; they can define their own reality.


On the point of the church’s role in the Caribbean; Lee attempts to portray the role of women, as substituting for the lack of men in said institutions. The Jesus image, as created by Roman Catholicism is portrayed by Lee, as a psychological prop; upon which black Caribbean Christian women, project all of their pent-up sexual emotions.
Lee in her attempt to describe the church services of some people, who may or may not be Christian, lumped Christianity with Pocomania, and other religious sects, like Obeah and Shango. In the spiritist practices above the adherents are said to become possessed by one of their many deities, demon spirits, who cause them to manifest a wide assortment of behavior, while persons who experience the real indwelling of the Holy Ghost are experiencing what was spoken of in Acts 2:38. Moreover, the chief spirit of most of the cults mentioned corresponds to the divine androgyne, of ancient paganism, which has been identified as a symbol of Satan. For instance Obatala the chief deity of the Yoruba is a spirit manifesting both male and female characteristics, not unlike many of the other so-called gods of the ancient and modern pagans examined in this book.
The Pentecostal movement is a fact worldwide; many people around the world grew up in the Pentecostal movement.


Lee erroneously claimed that speaking in tongues is akin to the possession, of the cults.
Speaking in tongues‖ has been observed all over the globe even among Europeans and Caucasians in America and Canada, accounts of such are to be found in newspaper articles and on video footage throughout the western hemisphere.
The attempt by some white writers to portray speaking in tongues as a black phenomena‖, limited to the uneducated and the ignorant is an example of their use of the mastery of the written word to portray events in favor of the worldview that they espouse. This is the case of writers like Helen Lee and Timothy White is a decidedly pro-Rastafari worldview (of the Bob Marleyite variety).


While these writers can champion whatever worldview they want to, their attempts at lumping the very real experience of the indwelling of the Holy Ghost, in true Christians‖ with demon or spirit possession akin to the possession at a Voodoo ceremony, will be challenged in this work, as it is mere fantasy and conjecture on the part of two journalist‘s attempting to explain away something that is experienced by people globally regardless of color or creed on a daily basis, as a purely black phenomenon limited to a few backward peasants and women with a limited education nothing could be farther from the truth.


Since true Christianity is diametrically opposed to occultism, those of us who truly know what the Full Body Ministry, stands for can appreciate the paradox in the matter.
For one the truly Christian woman would consider such thoughts sacrilegious, and the so-called white Jesus image, even in Jamaican society is not revered by all, not in the early 20th century nor today.
There have been and still are in the region churches that emphatically teach an anti-Eurocentric doctrine, there are many church institutions regionally that do not encourage the veneration of any imagery period taken from Roman Catholicism, even the pagan Christmas is not venerated nor celebrated by Apostolic people in the Caribbean nor around the globe.
The weak attempt of a white woman to define the experience of the African in the Diaspora failed, as all such attempts must fail, by dint of the fact that; the African in the Diaspora is far more complicated, and sophisticated than anyone from outside said group, presuming to be able to precisely analyze an entire group of people will ever be able to fathom.


Leonard Howell one of the earliest Rastafari leaders/ prophets‖ was an ardent admirer of Hinduism, and Indian culture and philosophy in general.
The original Howellites could be heard chanting to Krishna the Hindu god.
Howell began in the early thirties encouraging his followers to revere Haile Sellassie as a messiah, during this time there were many Rastafari mendicants.
Some well-known leaders were Joseph Hinds, Archibald Dunkley, and Nathaniel Hibberts, though there were many leaders, these were some of the earliest and chief leaders, of some of the better known Rastafari sects. All the other more contemporary leaders rose to prominence in the nineteen sixties.


Haile Sellassie received certain Rastafari leaders during his Jamaican visit, some of whom were honored with imperial medals by the emperor. Mention also must be made here of Prince Emmanuel the founder of the Emmanualites so-called Bobo Shanties‖.
Vernon Carrington founder of the twelve tribes of Israel is a well-known Rastafari leader; both these men rose to prominence in the sixties.
Haile Selassie himself denounced the idea that he was divine; stating that he was a Christian, and worshipped Jesus, the Rastafari saw his denial as a sign of humility.
The idea of Haile Sellassie as a god later gained global prominence through the medium of Reggae music. Robert Nesta Marley, the half-caste from Kingston is its most ardent seed planter.


The philosophical packaging and ideology of Rastafari are similar in many aspects, to Hinduism, right down to their Vegan diet, anyone can discover this for themselves by studying the original theology of Rastafari, the person wishing to know the truth must first understand who Howell was, and why his doctrine appealed to the disenfranchised, and downtrodden of society. The first

Rastafari unlike today, were largely poor, and uneducated young black men and women the eldership consisted of war veterans, some former Garveyites, and many young unwed mothers.
Although Howell was not the only black Jamaican at that time teaching about a black messiah, he was one of them who succeeded where many failed in establishing a commune where his people could live and work largely undisturbed by outsiders.
The belief in a universal black messiah was widespread amongst African descendants in the Western hemisphere, even amongst African Americans, as they had their Wallace Fard and Elijah Poole aka Elijah Muhammad, (These men also claimed to be messiahs or Mahdi=Arabic for messiah).


Based on historical accounts then we can safely say that Leonard Howell was not a novelty in the early thirties when this type of teaching was widespread amongst black people globally.
What was novel about Howell though, was his ability to galvanize his followers few before him or after him have been able to do what he did, and it is for that reason that I have chosen to focus on him, he influenced present-day Rastafari thinking and living more so than any of the other leaders.
Even after Howell’s camp (Pinnacle) was broken up, many of his followers were able to galvanize large segments of the poorer classes behind their ideology.
Poverty lack of education and financial resources conditioned the masses of young people at that time to seek a way out of their situation.
When Howell came on the scene preaching black pride and hailing Haile Selassie as a god, offering a refuge from the ghetto that they inhabited Howell’s practice of Marijuana use offered a temporary escape from the bleak landscape at that time.
Howell became an instant savior to those people at that time he became their leader a voice for the voiceless and a father to the fatherless.
Howell renounced his British citizenship claiming Ethiopia as the Promised Land for blacks and Haile Selassie as their long-awaited king who would deliver them from European colonial tyranny and oppression.
Howell lived in an Indian-styled hilltop commune, called Pinnacle he called himself Gangunguru Marajh, he even had a harem in the manner of the Hindu kings that he so admired.


Howell was well-read and had traveled extensively when he lived in the city of New York; he ran a tea shop,‖he more than likely sold Marijuana in his tea shop.
Howell himself functioned as a healer; years later in Jamaica, he would use his knowledge to heal people, he took them to a hot springs bath that relaxed their minds and bodies healing them of many ailments in their physical bodies.
Howell was not simply talking hope he was bringing about results many of the women he attracted were young uneducated single mothers looking for a way out of poverty.
The situation today has not changed much the Village Ram mentality; of some in the Caribbean, has spawned a generation of young single-parent households headed by mostly, poor, young, uneducated women.
This situation has led to an increasingly alarming number of single, young women, turning to, drug lords for their financial sustenance.
While criminal enterprise has proven to be very lucrative. The truly wealthy criminals hold a monopoly position.
The young men and women that the dons employ are largely their pawns and are usually expendable when they no longer cooperate or are either incarcerated or incapacitated.

Howell was what the poor saw as a way of escape at that time he knew what they wanted him for and he wanted power and lordship thusly both parties were served they fed his illusions of grandeur and he literally fed them. In this scenario, each party corrupted the other, yet they both got what they wanted. Howell was genuine in his beliefs he was willing to die for his beliefs and his followers this is what endears a man to anyone.
, If a man is willing to die for his word, that stance will inadvertently bring about a certain measure of respect from others even one’s enemies.
Howell was a bonafide channeler he was an adept in elemental magic; (elemental magic is rituals where various elemental spirits are conjured in order to aid the adepts, there are earthbound spirits, fire spirits, water spirits, and air spirits), his son Blade in the book The First Rasta by Helen Lee corroborated this. Howell was adept at spirit channeling people felt a definite presence when he entered a room, that was his hallmark his bearing and presence.


Bob Marley would later emulate this man calling himself Tough Gong, meaning I am tougher than Gong. The original Gong was Leonard Howell, a Gong is a hallowed cymbal-like instrument used by almost all oriental religious systems of worship, to announce the proceeding or ending of a session, this instrument was also used to honor a particular deity‘s presence.
Howell was meticulous in his choice of names and euphemism‘s Bob Marley‘s use of the name was mostly braggadocios, and also a respectful acquiescence of the preeminence of Howell.
Howell used Cannabis as a means of gaining contact with the spirit world.
Howell understood that the average youth, of a western persuasion, would never easily grasp the intricacies involved in spirit contact through meditation, and tantricism, the smoking of Cannabis was an easier simpler method so this was employed.
In the late sixties, Howell and his followers were nominally wealthy people, because of, Cannabis cultivation. Rastafari culture holds as a core tenet that, Cannabis Sativa is a sacred i.e.(Holy) plant.

Cannabis was, introduced into the Caribbean, by Indian Sadhu‘s, and smoked sacramentally by Sadhu‘s. The Sadhus were brought to Jamaica, Trinidad and Guyana in the 17th century by Europeans, primarily as indentured servants, for the purpose of cane cultivation.
They brought with them their religious beliefs and myriad gods; (Some accounts claim that the Spaniards introduced Cannabis into the Caribbean as early, as the 15th century, the Cannabis originated in both historical accounts in India).
These people some of whom were called Sadhu‘s, or holy men brought Cannabis Sativa to Jamaica their worship of their gods sometimes entailed the smoking of Cannabis, at certain points an elixir would also be drunk this potion contained a mixture of honey and Cannabis,(Behang/Bhang).
Hemp was grown in the Caribbean region as early as the 15th century and was done chiefly by the British in an attempt to break the Russian monopoly on the production of Hemp as an industrial product. The Hemp plant was used chiefly as an industrial product, the plant is indigenous to West and Central Asia.

The Sadhu smoking his sacrament to kali‖, Shiva is the chief demon prince worshipped by Sadhus.

The painting above the Sadhu is of Shiva and his consort Parvati. On the right, a Shiva devotee in Nepal is covered in the white/gray ash characteristic of Shiva.

© Copyrights R.M.N.D. 2007. By Wade A Bailey.


Figure: This map indicates a portion of Western Asia Ur of the Chaldea is shown.
The Euphrates and Tigris rivers respectively are visible as two blue parallel lines flowing into the Persian Gulf.

The complexed relationships evinced between these regions cannot be handled in this work as this will take the work in an unintended direction suffice it to say that this work is a synopsis of a much broader work.
Western Asia denotes a number of geographic regions chiefly Iran, Turkey, Syria, and a number of other regions Iraq is in South Western Asia. As recently as 1979, Iran was known as Persia.
The term Central Asia denotes portions of or the entire region of Turkistan, Turkistan is the historical term for a region in Central Asia comprised of Kazakhstan, portions of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and the autonomous Chinese border territory of Xinxiang Uygur in the past it was called East Turkistan or Chinese Turkistan.
Authors note, The last piece of historical data shows why there is a Chinese Muslim population in China, this occurred as a result of conquest by the Turks during the expansion of their Ottoman empire. If you are a news junky you will recall that the Xinxiang province in China is a hotbed of Uyghur Muslim ―extremist activity‖, later in this work I will examine the aforementioned in-depth.
As I have shown, taking into account the information given about the civilizations shown above. They were all highly developed cultures in the past, and had frequent contact amongst themselves. It should come as no surprise to anyone that a common religion, was shared by the people, in the regions shown above.
Hemp is also grown as an industrial product in Russia, Poland, Japan, Hungary, and China.


Hemp is refined and developed into soap, it is used in paint, and the Hemp products Marijuana and Hashish are used as drugs.
Based on the above information we have learned that Cannabis served a variety of uses, in the past as well as today.
In modern society in most countries of the world, Cannabis is used, as a recreational drug, but its usefulness as medicine has rarely been examined or taken seriously by the medical community.
Many persons clamor for its legalization as a means of furthering their own subversive agendas.

The aim here is not to promote the smoking of any substance recreationally, or for self-medication. The intent here is to honestly, deal with the multi-functional role that Hemp products have played as a natural product, that has been developed and exploited by man, it is in man‘s abuse and misuse of the plant that has created the addictive behavior, evinced today, among many people, in all sectors of society.
I will now resume my examination of the Pinnacle settlement and the lifestyle of its leader and his followers. The Pinnacle settlement was associated with Indian plantation workers with locked hair; this was before any African descendants in Jamaica ever grew locks.


Certain Rastafari elders called locks Zagavi; the etymology of the word, Zagavi is in the Hindi language.
Many Rastafari cite Bible passages in order to support their way of life, the bible does not condone the smoking of any substance as a means of spiritual upliftment, or enlightenment.
The word of God clearly condemns the use of any substance excessively, and it clearly makes a distinction between the clean and the unclean.
The Holy Ghost makes it possible for a child of God to touch God’s throne through the means of prayer praise and worship.
Sadhu‘s socialized with Jamaicans of African descent therefore, the Rastafari assertion that locks came to their movement because of seeing pictures of Ethiopian warriors with locked hair is not completely accurate.

Image:Jomo Kenyatta with a dreadlocked Mau Mau warrior.
This photo is erroneously cited by some historians as an impetus for certain Jamican Rastafari to have grown locks; such an assertion is false since Rastafari in Jamaica wore dreadlocks before the 1950‘s when this photo began making the rounds in western media publications.
Leonard Howell was impressed with Gandhi and his philosophy of nonviolence within social protest.

Howell later co-opted the nonviolent strategy, which was not always successful, some of
Howell’s followers were in constant conflict with the police some of the conflicts were because of Marijuana cultivation, Howell‘s rhetoric was anti-establishment this also brought mass exposure to his movement and its ideology.

Pinnacle; or the remnants of the settlement of Howell and his people. Pinnacle was purchased by Howell and his wife Tynneth Howell from a mister Chang a businessman of Chinese extraction, for the sum of 1200 pounds. Today the Pinnacle site is one of controversy as the Rastafari people of Jamaica and the Howell family, are taking legal action, to have the Pinnacle settlement, declared a Rastafari cultural heritage site, recognized as such under international laws. Howell died in 1981 ―peacefully‖, in a hotel room in Kingston according to the account given by Helen Lee.

Above is a faded photo of Leonard and Tyneth Howell.

Flyer and Photos of Leonard Percival Howell a.k.a The Founder and Father of the Rastafari Movement.

As I indicated previously in this book the Rastafari movement does not have one
central founder, Rastafari came about as a result of a Caribbean wide mass acceptance of Ethiopianism, Garveyism, et al, the movement had various forerunners‖ in its formative years Howell happens to be one of the more famous of them.
All Rastafari believe in the divinity of Haile Selassie the Kebra Nagast is the main source used, in proving that Haile Selassie is a direct descendant of the house of David through the union of King Solomon and the queen of Sheba.

THE GARDEN OF EDEN IN THE BIBLE.

Copyrights Wade A. Bailey : Above a detailed map of the area located on the continent of Alkebulan aka Africa, detailing the biblical area of the Garden Of Eden. In Genesis 2:10, 11, 12.13,14,15 it is stated that two rivers went out of Eden one of the rivers Gihon (the Blue Nile), compassed or surrounded Ethiopia.

A painting of Adam and Eve. Property of Dr Malachi York.

From the scriptural accounts, we can see that the Garden of Eden is to be found in the land of Ta-Merre i.e. Egypt [land of the Sun]. Many European scholars even some so called Christian scholars claim that the location of Eden is neither in Egypt nor even on the African continent citing a supposed mis-spelling in the King James Version of the Bible as pertains to the word Ethiopia in some accounts. They claim that in the original language the word was Kush which they attempt to link to Iran or Irak and even Turkey.


Sadly it is buffoons of the above mentioned ilk who are not true scholars but poseurs and miseducators who have for decade’s mis-written and falsely fashioned history and academic scholarship as per their racist pet theories and notions.
I will now provide factual evidence grounded in science and historically verifiable data as to the location of Eden.
There are two very preeminent and world renowned scholars of the ancient world namely Dr Cheik Anta Diop and Dr Joseph Ben Jochannan.
Both these scholars who functioned in their capacity are well travelled world lecturers and were both professors at major universities during the span of their careers.
I studied both of these men’ works to establish the scientific and archeological basis for the evidence I will bring forth.
If one were to conduct a study of the ancient world in pursuit of the location of the Garden of Eden one would have to start in anciency not in modernity.
The entire studied population of the earth is by now well aware that, the earliest man-like fossils were discovered in Africa by Louis Leakey and his wife. Based upon carbon dating and other scientific data we have empirical evidence that the human race originated on the so-called “African continent” which is in fact correctly called Alkebulan.
I will like to examine here certain bible passages taken from Genesis.
Genesis  chapter  2:10  “And a river went out of Eden to water the garden and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.
From the above we can see that Eden was not a Garden but Eden was the name of a land mass precisely how large is not given, what it does state is that out of Eden flowed a river
That parted four ways and the following names are given for those four rivers.
Genesis 2:11 the name of the first is Pison“White Nile,” that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is Gold. Havilah is old Nubia from the word Nub which means gold. Some so-called modern scholars place Havilah in modern day Turkey.  How can one make such a claim seeing that Turkey was not known in ancient history or in modern times for being a land renowned for its vast gold  reserves.


The assertion that Iran or Iraq could have been the location for Havilah is also destroyed by the fact that although ancient Babylon was the site where today’s Iraq is located,
Babylon was in fact a satellite state of ancient Kemit misnomered Egypt by modern Euro-centric scholars. The fact that Nimrod mentioned in the bible as the great hunter before the lord was according to ancient as well as modern accounts none other than Osiris the Kemitian god of the underworld, we have evidence in history that attest to Nubian kings having conquered and subjugated the entire continent of Alkebulan so vast was their empire that there was an upper and a lower Egypt also the Nile river was identified as the Blue Nile and the White Nile, most Eurocentric scholars ignore these pertinent facts.
Babylon was a satellite state of Nubia by way of Kemit, and had vast Gold reserves is as a result of gold being brought to that region from our Kemit and Kush or Ethiopia which is rightfully called Punt.
These  evidences in ancient history points only to an African source, of much of the mineral wealth of the region.
Not only was the Nubian kingdom, which in fact penetrated even into Sudan on our modern map of Africa above Sudan just below the Blue Nile we have an area identified as Nubia.

Africans were already using the term Nubian in ancient times as a term of designation of a distinct, highly developed social, political,Religious and cultural ethnic group in the area in question. Before European contact. The Arab and Berber did not exist at the primacy of the development of Nubian civilization. Berbers according to the Encarta are themselves an Arabized people, how then can an assimilated primitive  culture  formed after the Nubian which were a supra-civilization,  be credited with having fathered the modern inhabitants of Nubia?  The utter absurdity in the matter defies common sense! Scholars still use terms such as Hamitic, Japhetic and Semitic as terms of designation for the various people groups on the planet.The terms are in fact derived from the bible they are the names of the three sons of Noah namely, Ham, Shem, and Japheth.  Ham fathered the African nations most notable of which are Kush (Ethiopia, Somalia and Eritrea), Mitsrayim (Egypt), and Phut=Punt (Nubia), Nimrod (Babylon) et al. Shem fathered certain notables such as Asshur (Assyria), Elam, Aram and Arphaxad, out of these came the so-called Semites along with their languages.

The Nubians who were a dark skinned thick-lipped people with wooly hair not unlike many of their surviving descendants today they are in fact the architects of what we call Egypt. These people founded the world’s first university at Timbuktu .It is to this region that all the European scholars traveled to become learned, in the ways of the “Medu Nechter” or the so-called Egyptian mystery system.  Onyx the other precious metal mentioned in the Genesis account was also greatly used in Kemit as a depiction of “Kephera” the so-called Scarab Beetle “Dung Beetle”, which is usually made from black Onyx and Gold.Also one important fact that must be taken into account in anciency the continent of Alkebulan was still joined to the other countries of the so called Middle East all of whom were satellites of the Nubians. One must bear in mind that there was no Aswan Dam. Io mention here  the names of the rivers mentioned in scripture in Genesis.The name of the third river is Hiddekelit states that it went towards the east of Assyria, and the fourth river is the Euphrates.All of the places mentioned were in ancient times still joined to the continent of Alkebulan Africa.Mesopotamia, [Greek- between two rivers], so named because of its strategic location between the Tigres and the Euphrates rivers.The land of Assyria takes its name from one of their ancient kings called Asshur.Ge:  10:11: Out of that, land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,Ge:  10:12: And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.Ge:  10:13: And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,Ge:  10:14: And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

In ancient history, we will read that Ur of the Chaldea where Abraham came from was, in fact, the conquerors of the Assyrians who were a satellite of Ur. Let us examine Ur, one of the most important cities of ancient Mesopotamia located on the Western Bank of the lower falls of the Euphrates River. Some very illuminating finds were unearthed in (Tel Muqayyir) modern Iraq. From the data thus far gathered we can see a pattern of development since Ishtar was the deity worshiped by the Assyrians who were a satellite at many points in the history of the Babylonians who were as per their own records descendants of Nimrod. The same Nimrod of the Bible, whose mother Serimaris or Astarte was called the Queen of Heaven, or the mother of Heaven. Serimaris and Nimrod correlate to Isis and Horus of the Kemitians (Egyptians).Also according to archeological evidence, Babylon is one of the first ancient civilizations it is also the place, where the two rivers the Tigris and the Euphrates meet. The Babylonian king called Hammurabi wrote the Code of Hammurabi or Laws of Hammurabi.

This post will be continued .

The Japhetic Nations in North America.

e Japhetic Nations, in North America).The first Sermon in America preached by one of the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620, Massachusetts.The people called the Pilgrim Fathers came to what they called the New World to escape religious persecution.They were welcomed by the indigenous people who treated them kindly and shared their food with them.Out of that experience they instituted a day that they called thanksgiving, it is still celebrated today throughout the U.S.The ―Pilgrims‖ though murdered the Indians and their land was stolen from them.The European practiced a politics of conquest and used what they claimed was Christianity as a means to their end.The charlatans and fakes using the Christian faith as a means to an end overwhelmed the few truly genuine Christians amongst them.

An early colonist settlement on the American continent the continent is named after Amerigo Vespucci a Spanish conquistador I call him, a ―raider.‖The Sioux nation and many others were very welcoming of the colonists who settled in the Southern part of the continent, as can be seen, the painting above shows the indigenous people freely mingling with the colonists.When gold was discovered in the Black Hills, thousands of colonists came to the area and settled there. The presence of so many settlers encroaching on their territory enraged the indigenous people and many wars were fought with the colonists.The most famous war is the battle of Little Big Horn.There are many historical accounts of wars and battles, between the indigenous inhabitants ofwhat the Caucasian called America and the Amerindians. The native, to whom the land rightfully belongs were brave and valiant, unfortunately, due to the sheer numbers of the Caucasian and his superior technology, the inevitable occurred the final defeat of the ―Red Warriors‖, in scripture he is called the Red Horse.

The painting above depicts the four horses of the Apocalypse/Revelations.The horses are representative of the four racial groups; the African the European, the continental Red Indian and all the Asiatic types with China as the ultimate leader ―The Dragon.

This painting is of the committee that convened on 4 July and out of which the Emancipation Proclamation came.This will be continued in our section on Abraham Lincoln.The front and back of what the American government calls the ―Great Seal of the United States.‖M=1000, DCC=700, LXX=70, VI=6, the Roman numerals at the bottom of the pyramid stands for 1776 the year America became a nation.On the back of the seal, which can be found on the reverse of their dollar bill, is an unfinished pyramid, above the pyramid, is the Egyptian all Seeing Eye of Horus/Lucifer, the eye is surrounded by an emanation ―Illumination‖ of light.The Latin words on the front of their seal Eplurbus Unum meaning ―out of many one,‖ that is the Greek concept which in fact is the ―democratic‖, demos=many, cratos=rule, hence the term the majority rules. The concept of welding many different nationalities together in order to create one people or one nation, the Greek concept is also at work today on Sint Marten destroying the590very fabric of society, the most affected in society are poor young people and apostolic male youth.Above the eye the Latin words Annuit Coeptis, meaning, ―He favors our undertaking-,‖ underneath the pyramid we read Novus Ordo Seclorum, translated it reads, ―A new order of the ages,‖ (A New World Order).The Greeks built their value system from Egyptian or the Kemitian value system.The above right is the obverse of the Great Seal of America, and sketches of the originalWe see the founders of America spoke of a god and they claimed that he favored them who is their god? The third drawing at bottom left is of a Phoenix, which is similar to the phoenix next to it. The Eagle on the American Great Seal differs greatly from the original, which is no Eagle but a Phoenix. The drawings provided will aid the reader in making their own comparisons.

The following is from Hunt‘s (History of the Seal of the United States).

We see the founders of America spoke of a god and they claimed that he favored them who is their god? The third drawing at bottom left is of a Phoenix, which is similar to the phoenix next to it. The Eagle on the American Great Seal differs greatly from the original, which is no Eagle but a Phoenix. The drawings provided will aid the reader in making their own comparisons.The following is from Hunt‘s (History of the Seal of the United States).―In a colored sketch submitted as a design for the Great Seal by William Barton in 1782, an actual Phoenix appears sitting upon a nest of flames. This in itself demonstrates a tendency towards the use of this emblematic bird.Many claim that the founders of America were Christians yet the symbolism on their seal is occultic, the eye of Horus is an occult symbol.The New World Order is an age-old esoteric age that many New Agers and others are awaiting. In view of the evidence how can you rightfully call the founders of America Christian?, most of the symbolism and architecture of the American capital are Greek and Egyptian. Two pronounced esoteric occult cultures, the system of governance of America ―Democracy, is one adopted from the Romans, who built their empire on Greek values, and the Greeks in turn built their value system from Egyptian or the Kemitian value system .The following are Branch of Service Insignia, of the United States Army.

Intelligence USAR, as can be seen the symbol is a sphinx throughout this work I have explained what a sphinx is and out of which cultures the creature originated.Women‘s Army Corps the symbol is the Greek goddess Minerva wearing a helmet characteristically worn by Greek warriors.

This is the bust of the Roman goddess Minerva the goddess of the arts, arts in her case denotes the arts of Witchcraft. She corresponded to the Greek goddess Athena Pallas; she later was given the attributes of Athena who was a goddess of wisdom and war. Who can deny the overt paganism of America in the deliberate adaptation of pagan symbolism throughout its society, the ruling spirit of America is the Greek spirit as such America is an anti-Christian society in spite of its claims to the contrary.The third symbol is of the Transportation Corps, note the wings in the middle of the symbol representative of Achilles, a swift Greek god, (The term Achilles heel is taken from this legend).All the above points to the occult symbolism present in the American culture the Greek and Roman influence can never be denied neither is it coincidental nor innocent it is deliberate methodical and overt, the intent being to infuse the Grecian spirit into modern American life.

The library of congress in Washington D.C. replete with Greek and Roman cultural imagery the very style of architecture is Greco-Roman.Even the circular pattern above is after the pattern of the Romans.593The United States of America’s capital city is Washington D.C. (District of Columbia), America is a republic.America is comprised of fifty states forty-nine of which are on the continent and one in Hawai.The currency used in America is the U.S. dollar of course many persons today are familiar with some of what is being said here.Some Caribbean islands fall under the Jurisdiction of America, namely the US Virgin Islands, St Thomas, St Croix, next we have, Puerto Rico, although Gaum, American Samoa, and Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands are not Caribbean islands they are American territories.America is a representative Democracy; laws are passed by and approved by Congress.The American president has a considerable amount of power but Congress checks his power.Recently though the president was given extraordinary powers in the event of a scenario such as the 9/11 attacks, the U.S. president has the power to function as a virtual dictator.Many Americans think that their president should not have extraordinary powers in any circumstance after the 9/11 attacks we have seen America taking on a pronounced socialist character.America was being taken into socialism before September 11, but the pace has now been accelerated.With the advent of Obama, it only is a matter of time before America is completely a socialist nation.I want to now backtrack into the past in order to establish empirical evidence concerning the development of the American Revolution how America came into being as a Union and how it developed into the United States of America. On the 16th of December 1773 Under the leadership of John Adams, a group of colonists disguised as Indians boarded three British ships with a cargo of tea and threw the cargo overboard the event was called ―the Boston Tea Party.

After the event described above the opposing sides began to fight in earnest and to organize.The second continental Congress that came together in the summer of 1775 chose George Washington as chief in command of the American forces.In 1789 Washington was elected as the first American president in 1796 he refused to lead the American people as their president for a third term.The actual driving philosophy behind the American Revolution came from certain schools of thought I want to examine a few.

The fathers of America were according to some accounts preachers and ―Christians‖, yet history bears witness to the fact that many of them were Freemasons, which is in fact an offshoot of Baalism. The symbols on the United States dollar are of Egyptian and Freemasonic origin anyone doubting this must only turn the dollar bill over to see the proof of my statements.George Washington; known as, the Founding Father of America, in full Masonic regalia.The cornerstone of the US capitol was laid with Masonic honors on September 18th 1793; the covering organization was the Grand Lodge of Maryland. To the right is the prayer room at next to the capitals Rotunda, the ever present all Seeing Eye is directly above the head of the kneeling Washington, underneath the eye is the Egyptian pyramid.

Another Masonic rendering that reads ―the fatherhood of God ……the brotherhood of man. Christian sounding words, until you examine the artwork carefully. George Washington is wearing the Masonic lambskin apron, the showel with which he laid the first cornerstone of the Capitol Building. Who can deny the overt Masonic implications of the artwork above.There is even a greater proof than prominent US presidents and others in Masonic artwork, and even the old photographs of presidents wearing Masonic regalia and lambskins, and other irrefutable Masonic articles of clothing. The literature by person‘s considered to be amongst some of the worlds greatest Freemasonic thinkers, scholars and philosophers, one such person is Manly P Hall. In Hall‘s: The Secret Teaching‘s of All Ages,he implicitly refer to both George Washington and Benjamin Franklin as Masons and Franklin he suggested was not only a mason, but a Rosicrucian too, and Rosicrucianism at that time, was an order that practiced human sacrifice.Here is Hall in his own words: ―Many times the question has been asked, was Francis Bacon‘s vision of the ―New Atlantis‖, a prophetic dream of the new civilization which was to rise upon the soil of the New World? It cannot be doubted that the secret societies of Europe conspired to establish upon the American continent “A new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal” Two incidents in the early history of the United States evidence the influence of that silent body,which has so long guided the destinies of peoples and religions. By them nations are created as vehicles for the promulgation of ideals, and while nations are true to these ideals they survive;when they vary from them they vanish like the Atlantis of old which had ceased “to know the gods”.Even the designing of the colonial flag in 1775, was attributed to a ―mystery school wiseman‖, in Our Flag, by Robert Cambell (cited by Manly P. Hall in the book named in the preceding. Hall went on to detail from Cambell‘s book how General George Washington (future United States of America President), and Benjamin Franklin also a man who was destined to be a US President. Hall wrote: ― Did General Washington and Dr Franklin recognize the ―Professor‖ (the Professor references the wise man previously indicated), as an emissary of the mystery school which has so long controlled the political destinies of this planet? Benjamin Franklin was a philosopher and a Freemason possibly a Rosicrucian initiate‖. He and the marquis Lafayette … also a man of mystery…constitute two of the most important links in the chain of circumstance that culminated in the establishment of the original thirteen American colonies in a free and independent nation‖. Dr Franklin’s philosophic attainment‘s are well attested in Poor Richard‘s Almanac, published by him for many years under the name of Richard Saunders. His interest in the cause of Freemasonry is also shown in his republication of Anderson‘s Constitution of Freemasonry, a rare and much disputed work on the subject. The preceding has ably lain, the foundation for the following in this portion of this work.

In the Occulus of the Capitols dome, is a painting that is esoteric and occultic in all its facets. Why would the ostensibly Christian fathers commission such artwork? The only logical conclusion that I found is the founders were themselves occultists and used ―Christianity‖, as a convenient cloak when it best suited their needs. The painting above in the Occulus, of the Capitol, was inspired by the one on pg:286. The Apotheosis is the name of the painting on 286, which was done by Constantine Brumidi. Brumidi also painted the one in the Capitols occulus.

This is a close up of the painting discussed on the previous page. The choice of modeling this painting after the Vatican’s ―Apotheosis painted by the same man as the original, is revealing on many levels. The Apotheosis of Jesus speaks to his elevation from, his human existence to a divine one. The painting above given what has been divulged thus far, infers that George Washington was not a mere man, but a divine being i.e. a god. In the painting he is surrounded by various gods, from Greek mythology, those ―gods‖, are called pagan deities, by occultists and in scripture. Washington was knowingly portrayed as a chief pagan god surrounded by some of the greatest pagan Greek deities, and the fathers of America had no objection the painting can be viewed today in all its glory by anyone willing to take the time.

The original ―Apotheosis‖, named ―Christ in his majesty‖ in all it‘s full pagan pseudo-majesty.The painting above is itself a pagan painting, featuring the same winged babies as the other pagan paintings featured in this book. The Roman Catholic Institution, is treated as part and parcel and a continuation of paganism, and witchcraft under a pseudo-Christian veneer, in this work.

The collage of figures are close ups of the ―gods‖, surrounding Washington.The first at left top is Thoth or Hermes wearing his winged cap. In paganism he is the god of wisdom, he delivers an elixir of knowledge in a vial, for the founders to drink from, a ―divine elixir? I will quote from Helena Blavatsky‘s: Isis Unveiled ―Hermetist-from Hermes the god of wisdom, known in, Egypt, Syria and Phoenicia as Thoth, Tat, Adad, Seth and Satan, and in Greece as Kadmus. The Kabbalists identify him as Adam Kadmon the first manifestation of the divine power. There were two Hermes the first Trismegistus (Hermes Thrice Great), and the second an emanation of him. The friend and instructor of Isis and Osiris. Hermes is the god of the priestly wisdom, like Mazeus‖. Blavatsky that infamous occultist and teacher in her own words verifying, many of the claims made in this book.The second at right features Poseidon king of Atlantis and his offspring Venus.The third left is Vulcan god of fire, the esoteric deity of Alchemy. The fourth right is the American ―goddess‖, Columbia attacking tyranny in the form of fleeing men. Columbia is a composite of Minerva the goddess of war and crafts as in witchcraft; she is also the Roman Libertas/Liberty or Diana. The last two are of Ceres left and Minnerva at right. Ceres is the goddess of agriculture; Minnerva is the goddess of wisdom, war and crafts.

Pegassus the messenger of the gods although Pegassus was not included in the painting, it is included here because of its unique relationship to the rainbow i.e. Satan.

Above Alchemy is portrayed as a god, on the Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. To the right Washington sits as a god, holding a sheathed sword in his left hand and pointing at an open book with his right hand. The god Alchemy above is holding two books in her hand one closed and one open (esotericism and esotericism), in Alchemy‘ left hand she holds a scepter signifying royalty and rulership. Since Washington is portrayed as a god here it follows that he would be all-powerful and wise, the open book signifies, his ability to grant ―enlightenment‖, to the seeker. Between her knees and going up the length of her body, is the The scalaphilosphorum, The Philosophers ladder, scaladei or stairway to god. Washington points to the book of Light Heavenly Secrets. I will again defer here to Manly P. Hall pertaining to the ―godhood of man‖. ―An ancient philosopher once said he who has not even knowledge of common things is a brute amongst men. He who has accurate knowledge of human concerns alone is a man amongst brutes. But he who knows all that can be known by intellectual energy is a God among men‖. Here we have empirical evidence from one of the ―greats‖, in philosophy and Freemasonic thought, two schools of thinking both of which George Washington, was an ardent student of. Therefore it should come as no surprise that in the most ―sacred and hallowed‖, buildings of Americana Washington is being portrayed as a god, but not any mere god nay, he is being portrayed as the highest pagan god Zeus himself, as I will prove subsequently in this work, cementing factually Washington‘s occult leanings and personal philosophical underpinnings.

Caribbean adopts plan to seek slavery reparations.

KINGSTOWN, St. Vincent (AP) — Leaders of Caribbean nations on Monday unanimously adopted a broad plan on seeking reparations from European nations for what they say are the lingering ill effects of the Atlantic slave trade on the region.

 

A British human rights law firm hired by the Caribbean Community grouping of nations announced that prime ministers had authorized a 10-point plan that would seek a formal apology and debt cancellation from former colonizers such as Britain, France and the Netherlands. The decision came at a closed-door meeting in St. Vincent & the Grenadines.

 

According to the Leigh Day law firm, the Caribbean Community also wants reparation payments to repair the persisting “psychological trauma” from the days of plantation slavery and calls for assistance to boost the region’s technological know-how since the Caribbean was denied participation in Europe’s industrialization and confined to producing and exporting raw materials such as sugar.

 

The plan further demands European aid in strengthening the region’s public health, educational and cultural institutions such as museums and research centers.

 

It is even pushing for the creation of a “repatriation program,” including legal and diplomatic assistance from European governments, to potentially resettle members of the Rastafarian spiritual movement in Africa. Repatriation to Africa has long been a central belief of Rastafari, a melding of Old Testament teachings and Pan-Africanism whose followers have long pushed for reparations.

 

Martyn Day of the law firm called the plan a “fair set of demands on the governments whose countries grew rich at the expense of those regions whose human wealth was stolen from them.”

 

Day said an upcoming meeting in London between Caribbean and European officials “will enable our clients to quickly gauge whether or not their concerns are being taken seriously.” It was not immediately clear when the meeting to potentially seek a negotiated settlement will take place.

 

The idea of the countries that benefited from slavery paying some form of reparations has been a decades-long quest but only recently has it gained serious momentum in the Caribbean.

 

Caricom, as the political grouping of 15 countries and dependencies is known, announced in July that it intended to seek reparations for slavery and the genocide of native peoples and created the Caribbean Reparations Commission to push the issue and present their recommendations to political leaders.

 

They then hired Leigh Day, which waged a successful fight for an award compensation of about $21.5 million for surviving Kenyans who were tortured by the British colonial government during the so-called Mau Mau rebellion of the 1950s and 1960s.

 

The commission’s chairman, Hilary Beckles, a scholar who has written several books on the history of Caribbean slavery, said he was “very pleased” that the political leaders adopted the plan.

 

In 2007, then British Prime Minister Tony Blair expressed regret for the “unbearable suffering” caused by his country’s role in slavery but made no formal apology. In 2010, then French President Nicolas Sarkozy acknowledged the “wounds of colonization” and pointed out France had canceled a 56 million euro debt owed by Haiti and approved an aid package.

 

The Caribbean Reparations Commission said Monday that far more needed to be done for the descendants of slaves on struggling islands, saying it sees the “persistent racial victimization of the descendants of slavery and genocide as the root cause of their suffering today.”

 

Reblogged by Wade Bailey

 

Associated Press writer Duggie Joseph reported this story in Kingstown, St. Vincent, and David McFadden reported from Kingston, Jamaica.

 

Harriet Tubman.

 

 

Harriet Tubman: (Buck town Maryland New York 10 March 1913) one of the leaders of the Underground Railroad.

Tubman was also a Christian who carried a bible in one hand and a shotgun in the other.

She was reputed to be braver than most men were and threatened anyone who betrayed the Underground Railroad with death. Tubman’s birth namw was Araminta Harriet Ross, She was born in Maryland in 1820, she was one of 9 children born to Harriet Green and Ben Ross, her father was a Freedman at age 45. By 1844, Harriet married John Tubman, a free black man and changed her name to Harriet Tubman. Allegedly Harriet used her middle name as her first name as a way of honoring her mother Harriet Green.

By 1849 Harriet took her two brothers, Harry and Ben and escaped the plantation where they had lived all of their lives. The runaway was publically followed and their return ransom was set as $300 according to the Cambridge Democrat. After a long journey, Tubman’s’ brothers fell weak and retracted back to Maryland, although Harriet kept going (Yass Harriet!).

With the help of The Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman successfully escaped to Philadelphia in 1849. The journey was nearly 90 miles long on foot.

From the time Harriet was a child into adulthood, she experienced psychedelic dreams that guided her life. One dream in particular included extremist abolitionist, John Brown, who she eventually met in the late 1850s.  Harriet went on to help Brown recruit slaves and freed blacks for an attack on slaveholders at Harpers Ferry.

New Picture (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Picture (2)

Despite already having her freedom and leading rebellions, Tubman made it her mission to rescue her family and other slaves in the south. By December 1851, she guided 11 fugitives towards the north into freedom (She may have stopped at the home of Frederick Douglass). By the 1860s, Harriet was responsible for helping 100s of slaves escape to the north.

During the Civil War, Harriet Tubman worked as a union army cook and nurse before being recruited as an armed scout and spy for the union.

Harriet was also the first woman to lead an armed troop in the war, known as the Combahee River Raid. Her troop went on to liberate more than 700 slaves in South Carolina, totaling more than 1000 slaves forever indebted to Harriet Tubman over the course of her abolitionist life.

Harriet Tubman died in March 1913 and she became widely known as Moses and General Tubman. Both names accurately describe the life and contributions of Miss. Harriet Tubman.