BAY’AH TO THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AN UNTOLD STORY OF AL-QAIDA’S MISTAKE By: Ahmed Al-Hamdan.

Translated by: Al Muwahideen Media

 

This is another post in the series of post’s concerning Baya and what it entails. This post deals with the Baya of ISI to Osama bin Laden.

In my personal opinion, I think Al-Qaeda made a mistake in the beginning by relying on only one source for visualizing the field of Iraq, and that was ‘The Islamic State of Iraq’. And the reason for that was that the person who was relaying the news to the central command in Khurasan was a companion of Shaykh Ayman Al Zawahiri, and he used to consider him as his younger sibling. The former judge in the Islamic State, Abu Sulayman, in his letter to the general command said that: “It is worth mentioning that the main reason for all this is the absence of Abu Hamza Al Muhajir from the field completely, and due to him being content with the reports that are sent to him, even though the ‘leaders’ and the commanders of the areas would declare that they would not send the correct information to the leadership (of the Islamic State of Iraq)”.  So, in the best of cases, the correct information would not reach this man (Abu Hamza Al Muhajir). And the correct information would not be sent to the general command in Khurasan. Al Qaeda, unfortunately, would depend on this testimony and would prefer it over the testimonies of other groups and rely on it without relying on the other groups due to reasons which have been mentioned just a while ago. And that led to a great deal of distortion in the information which in the end led to Al Qaeda giving their approval and calling to support a project which in fact was a great lie. We will give some examples of this wrong information and what was correct. Dr. Ayman Al Zhawahiri said: “The Islamic State of Iraq was established after an extensive consultation between the Mujahideen Council and the Sunni tribes, just like how Sheikh Abu Hamza Al Muhajir had informed us of, may Allah have mercy upon him. And he is one in whom and in whose truthfulness, we trust, due to us having spent a long time with him”.  So, is the news that Abu Hamza Al Muhajir gave to the leadership correct?

So, in the best of cases, the correct information would not reach this man (Abu Hamza Al Muhajir). And the correct information would not be sent to the general command in Khurasan. Al Qaeda, unfortunately, would depend on this testimony and would prefer it over the testimonies of other groups and rely on it without relying on the other groups due to reasons which have been mentioned just a while ago. And that led to a great deal of distortion in the information which in the end led to Al Qaeda giving their approval and calling to support a project which in fact was a great lie. We will give some examples of this wrong information and what was correct. Dr. Ayman Al Zhawahiri said: “The Islamic State of Iraq was established after an extensive consultation between the Mujahideen Council and the Sunni tribes, just like how Sheikh Abu Hamza Al Muhajir had informed us of, may Allah have mercy upon him. And he is one in whom and in whose truthfulness, we trust, due to us having spent a long time with him”.  So, is the news that Abu Hamza Al Muhajir gave to the leadership correct?

Was “The Islamic State” truly established after an extensive consultation between the different Jihadi groups and the Sunni tribes?! The judge in the Islamic State of Iraq answers that for us and he says: “The main reason for it is the announcement of the establishment of the state in this way. In fact the people think that the establishment of the state was after the Bay’ah (pledge of allegiance) that was given by the advisory council of the Mujahideen of Al Qaeda and by the chiefs of the tribes which the brother Abu Hamza Al Muhajir called as “Hilf al Muthayyebeen”, but the matter was not like that at all. Instead, the ones who gave their Bay’ah are the leaders of the groups like “Saraaya Al-Jihad, Saraya Al-Ghurabaa, Jaysh Ahl Al-Sunnah, Kataib Al-Ahwaal, Jaysh Al-Taaifah Al-Mansurah…”, and they are people who have no connection to the real Jihad in any way in the field. Rather, they are just names. So they gave their Bay’ah and made demands either in an indirect manner or by openly stating that they should get positions in this state which was going to be announced. And the matter took place like how they wanted. I swear by Allah Almighty about that based on my closeness to Abu Hamza al-Muhajir. And the chiefs of the well-known tribes did not interfere (in this matter to give their views) – like how Abu Hamza had stated many times…!”6 And this issue has been confirmed by Shaykh ‘Abdullah Al’Iraqi, the leader of one of the groups present in the Mujahideen Council in Iraq in his personal testimony about how the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq was. And the funny thing about this testimony is the statement of this leader saying that “the so-called Islamic State of Iraq declared that my group pledged allegiance to them without taking my approval”!

So they gave their Bay’ah and made demands either in an indirect manner or by openly stating that they should get positions in this state which was going to be announced. And the matter took place like how they wanted. I swear by Allah Almighty about that based on my closeness to Abu Hamza al-Muhajir. And the chiefs of the well-known tribes did not interfere (in this matter to give their views) – like how Abu Hamza had stated many times…!”6 And this issue has been confirmed by Shaykh ‘Abdullah Al’Iraqi, the leader of one of the groups present in the Mujahideen Council in Iraq in his personal testimony about how the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq was. And the funny thing about this testimony is the statement of this leader saying that “the so-called Islamic State of Iraq declared that my group pledged allegiance to them without taking my approval”!

So they gave their Bay’ah and made demands either in an indirect manner or by openly stating that they should get positions in this state which was going to be announced.5 And the matter took place like how they wanted. I swear by Allah Almighty about that based on my closeness to Abu Hamza al-Muhajir. And the chiefs of the well-known tribes did not interfere (in this matter to give their views) – like how Abu Hamza had stated many times…!” And this issue has been confirmed by Shaykh ‘Abdullah Al’Iraqi, the leader of one of the groups present in the Mujahideen Council in Iraq in his personal testimony about how the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq was. And the funny thing about this testimony is the statement of this leader saying that “the so-called Islamic State of Iraq declared that my group pledged allegiance to them without taking my approval”!

Rather Abu ‘Abdullah Al-Mansoor,7 the leader of Jaysh Al-Mujahideen,8 even said that most of the major Jihadi groups did not hear about this announcement except from the media…!!!  But for the sake of argument let us say that the Shura Council of the Mujahideen consisting of 5 or 6 groups had accepted the announcement of the state… How can  groups decide to announce a state and ignore tens of other groups,10 those who in the Shareeah terms are known as Ahlu-Shawka (people of power), and without whose approval the issue of leadership cannot be decided? So, the pledge of allegiance must be given by the majority of the tribes and the Jihadi groups (the people of power and strength) to Abu Umar Al-Baghdadi for him to become the Imam (the leader). Ibn Taymiyyah says: “If we assume that Umar and those with him gave Bay’ah to him i.e. Abu Bakr but the rest of the companions refused to give him Bay’ah, then he would not have become an Imam by that. Indeed, he became an Imam only by the Bay’ah given by the majority of the companions who are the people of authority and strength”.

 

 

He also said “The leadership (Imamah) according to Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jama’a is confirmed by the approval of the people of power for it. A man cannot become a leader (Imam) until he is approved by the people of power whose obedience to him would be what fulfills the purpose of the leadership. The purpose of the leadership will only be fulfilled through capability and authority. So, if he is given a pledge of allegiance through which power and authority are obtained, then he will become a leader”.12 He also said: “Uthman did not become a leader by the choice of some, but rather by all the people giving Bay’ah to him”.13 However as for the Islamic State of Iraq, most of the people of power from the tribes and groups withheld from giving them their Bay’ah. So, then this matter did not take place based on a council or an approval from the people of power from the Jihadi groups and the major Sunni tribes in the field! And so, this state was not established by the agreement of Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (decision makers) in Iraq. But then was it established by Taghallub (overpowering) and by taking control forcefully (which is the second exceptional way to gain authority) …?! Firstly: What does Taghallub mean? In Mu’jam Al ‘Arabi (Arabic dictionary) it says “When it is said that he has made ‘Taghallub’ over his enemy, it means he has subdued and overpowered his enemy. Due to that, it is said that the one who has been overpowered (subdued under Taghallub) is the one who cannot carry out what he wishes! And ‘Taghallub’ over a certain country means taking control over it by force”. It means if we say that the Islamic State of Iraq took control over many wide areas in Iraq by Taghallub (overpowering), this means that it has subdued all the groups, and these groups have become incapable of doing what they wish to do. However, the issue is not like that.

He also said: “Uthman did not become a leader by the choice of some, but rather by all the people giving Bay’ah to him”.13 However as for the Islamic State of Iraq, most of the people of power from the tribes and groups withheld from giving them their Bay’ah. So, then this matter did not take place based on a council or an approval from the people of power from the Jihadi groups and the major Sunni tribes in the field! And so, this state was not established by the agreement of Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (decision makers) in Iraq. But then was it established by Taghallub (overpowering) and by taking control forcefully (which is the second exceptional way to gain authority) …?! Firstly: What does Taghallub mean? In Mu’jam Al ‘Arabi (Arabic dictionary) it says “When it is said that he has made ‘Taghallub’ over his enemy, it means he has subdued and overpowered his enemy. Due to that, it is said that the one who has been overpowered (subdued under Taghallub) is the one who cannot carry out what he wishes! And ‘Taghallub’ over a certain country means taking control over it by force”. It means if we say that the Islamic State of Iraq took control over many wide areas in Iraq by Taghallub (overpowering), this means that it has subdued all the groups, and these groups have become incapable of doing what they wish to do. However, the issue is not like that.

However, the issue is not like that. Instead the groups during that time continued their military operations in an independent manner, and they did not submit to the Islamic State of Iraq. But let us for the sake of argument say that the State did Taghallub and they seized actual control. However, the previous judge of The Islamic State of Iraq, Abu Sulayman Al’Utaybi says: “Abu Hamza Al-Muhajir said in a very clear manner in his speech which was released recently that “We possess eighty percent of the territories of Salahuddin and Diyala, and as for Anbar, we are the ones taking the lead in it”. This statement was so strange that everyone who heard this would laugh except those who agreed with this way. And we most of the time could not find any shelter or home to spend the night – praise be to Allah whatever be the situation as this is Jihad and we ask Allah to accept our deeds. And our situation before declaring the State was stronger and more stable many times more than our situation now. But this is due to what our own hands have earned and due to us having neglected fulfilling the trust”.14 These words were repeated by this judge with some details. And when he went to Khurasan after he left from Iraq, his companion, al-Mu’tazz Billah, narrated his statement saying: “One of the funny stories is that Shaykh Abu Sulayman – may Allah have mercy upon him – said: “We were one day me and five ministers of the State, the minister of industry, the minister of fisheries, the minister of electricity, the minister of

11 He also said “The leadership (Imamah) according to Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jama’a is confirmed by the approval of the people of power for it. A man cannot become a leader (Imam) until he is approved by the people of power whose obedience to him would be what fulfills the purpose of the leadership. The purpose of the leadership will only be fulfilled through capability and authority. So, if he is given a pledge of allegiance through which power and authority are obtained, then he will become a leader”.12 He also said: “Uthman did not become a leader by the choice of some, but rather by all the people giving Bay’ah to him”.13 However as for the Islamic State of Iraq, most of the people of power from the tribes and groups withheld from giving them their Bay’ah. So, then this matter did not take place based on a council or an approval from the people of power from the Jihadi groups and the major Sunni tribes in the field! And so, this state was not established by the agreement of Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (decision makers) in Iraq. But then was it established by Taghallub (overpowering) and by taking control forcefully (which is the second exceptional way to gain authority) …?! Firstly: What does Taghallub mean? In Mu’jam Al ‘Arabi (Arabic dictionary) it says “When it is said that he has made ‘Taghallub’ over his enemy, it means he has subdued and overpowered his enemy. Due to that, it is said that the one who has been overpowered (subdued under Taghallub) is the one who cannot carry out what he wishes! And ‘Taghallub’ over a certain country means taking control over it by force”. It means if we say that the Islamic State of Iraq took control over many wide areas in Iraq by Taghallub (overpowering), this means that it has subdued all the groups, and these groups have become incapable of doing what they wish to do. However, the issue is not like that. Instead the groups during that time continued their military operations in an independent manner, and they did not submit to the Islamic State of Iraq. But let us for the sake of argument say that the State did Taghallub and they seized actual control. However, the previous judge of The Islamic State of Iraq, Abu Sulayman Al’Utaybi says: “Abu Hamza Al-Muhajir said in a very clear manner in his speech which was released recently that “We possess eighty percent of the territories of Salahuddin and Diyala, and as for Anbar, we are the ones taking the lead in it”. This statement was so strange that everyone who heard this would laugh except those who agreed with this way. And we most of the time could not find any shelter or home to spend the night – praise be to Allah whatever be the situation as this is Jihad and we ask Allah to accept our deeds. And our situation before declaring the State was stronger and more stable many times more than our situation now. But this is due to what our own hands have earned and due to us having neglected fulfilling the trust”.14 These words were repeated by this judge with some details. And when he went to Khurasan after he left from Iraq, his companion, al-Mu’tazz Billah, narrated his statement saying: “One of the funny stories is that Shaykh Abu Sulayman – may Allah have mercy upon him – said: “We were one day me and five ministers of the State, the minister of industry, the minister of fisheries, the minister of electricity, the minister of

11 He also said “The leadership (Imamah) according to Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jama’a is confirmed by the approval of the people of power for it. A man cannot become a leader (Imam) until he is approved by the people of power whose obedience to him would be what fulfills the purpose of the leadership. The purpose of the leadership will only be fulfilled through capability and authority. So, if he is given a pledge of allegiance through which power and authority are obtained, then he will become a leader”.12 He also said: “Uthman did not become a leader by the choice of some, but rather by all the people giving Bay’ah to him”.13 However as for the Islamic State of Iraq, most of the people of power from the tribes and groups withheld from giving them their Bay’ah. So, then this matter did not take place based on a council or an approval from the people of power from the Jihadi groups and the major Sunni tribes in the field! And so, this state was not established by the agreement of Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (decision makers) in Iraq. But then was it established by Taghallub (overpowering) and by taking control forcefully (which is the second exceptional way to gain authority) …?! Firstly: What does Taghallub mean? In Mu’jam Al ‘Arabi (Arabic dictionary) it says “When it is said that he has made ‘Taghallub’ over his enemy, it means he has subdued and overpowered his enemy. Due to that, it is said that the one who has been overpowered (subdued under Taghallub) is the one who cannot carry out what he wishes! And ‘Taghallub’ over a certain country means taking control over it by force”. It means if we say that the Islamic State of Iraq took control over many wide areas in Iraq by Taghallub (overpowering), this means that it has subdued all the groups, and these groups have become incapable of doing what they wish to do. However, the issue is not like that. Instead the groups during that time continued their military operations in an independent manner, and they did not submit to the Islamic State of Iraq. But let us for the sake of argument say that the State did Taghallub and they seized actual control. However, the previous judge of The Islamic State of Iraq, Abu Sulayman Al’Utaybi says: “Abu Hamza Al-Muhajir said in a very clear manner in his speech which was released recently that “We possess eighty percent of the territories of Salahuddin and Diyala, and as for Anbar, we are the ones taking the lead in it”. This statement was so strange that everyone who heard this would laugh except those who agreed with this way. And we most of the time could not find any shelter or home to spend the night – praise be to Allah whatever be the situation as this is Jihad and we ask Allah to accept our deeds. And our situation before declaring the State was stronger and more stable many times more than our situation now. But this is due to what our own hands have earned and due to us having neglected fulfilling the trust”.14 These words were repeated by this judge with some details. And when he went to Khurasan after he left from Iraq, his companion, al-Mu’tazz Billah, narrated his statement saying: “One of the funny stories is that Shaykh Abu Sulayman – may Allah have mercy upon him – said: “We were one day me and five ministers of the State, the minister of industry, the minister of fisheries, the minister of electricity, the minister of council, and there wasn’t even a house for us to sleep in” …! And he said, “During one of those days, we the ministers looked at each other; minister of such, and minister of such, and the general judge of the State”, and he said, “I swear by Allah sometimes we would sleep in the gardens and sometimes in the farms”!15 This matter has been agreed to even by the closest ally of the so called Islamic State of Iraq, which is the group Ansar Al-Islam. The bureau of Shariah and judiciary present in the group said to the leadership of the Islamic State of Iraq: “It is astonishing to see that your group is insisting on the obligation of giving Bay’ah to its leader as a Khilafah to mobilize and join under its banner and its slogans, even though obedience is only for the one who is known and has a firm and stable authority…!! Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, whose words you use as evidence, says about the validity of your Bay’ah: “The Prophet – may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him – ordered to obey the leaders who are present and known, who have authority and are capable of ruling the people. And he did not order to obey the one who has no authority and no ability for anything…” 16 Thus ponder on this. And praise be to Allah for well-being”.17 This matter is confirmed on the tongues of their leaders. A member of the Shura Council, Abu ‘Ubaydah Al’Iraqi says: “I swear by Allah that their people did not leave the Muslims’ lands which they ruled by Allah’s law except with thousands of martyrs”.18 So, he is confirming that they left the areas which they controlled, and all of those areas went back to the hands of the enemy. Rather another member of the Shura Council in the Islamic State of Iraq says: “And so, began clearly a series of continuous retreats, and running away without attacking. And we started to run and run and run until we ended up in wild, lifeless deserts, and the apostates and the Americans began launching operations against us to eliminate us, and we lost the cities, and after that the villages. And then the desert became a dangerous sanctuary, and we moved away from the people and we found ourselves in the wilderness of the desert.”19 What is even more clear than all these is what Abu Muhammad Al-Adnani said confirming all the above: “Did we get defeated when we lost the cities in Iraq and spent the nights in the desert without any city or any land?”20 Adnani here is acknowledging that during a previous period they were in the desert without any city or land…! Thus, they ended up without power or actual control and they lost the cities, the villages and the lands. However, in this situation the ‘state’ would cease to exist even if they established their ‘state’ by overpowering because states cease to exist if they lose their authority. Turkī al-Bin’alī for example, when he narrated the statements of the Imams of Salaf regarding Tamkeen (stability), he commented on their words and said: “And this proves to you the importance of gaining capability and strength and power – as a basic rule – and linking that very closely to the issue of leadership and Khilafah, since the purpose is to gain stability even if it be partially over some of the Muslim lands.”21 So, when you are in the desert having no control over anything, then about what stability and leadership or governance are you talking about?! Then the situation stayed like this even after the establishment of Jabhat un Nusra, while what was known as the ‘Islamic State of Iraq’ was still without lands and territories, and they had no public presence! And if we say that Jabhat un Nusra is an extension of the Islamic State of Iraq, and that any expansion or control by Jabhat Nusra would necessarily be an indication confirming the stability of the Islamic State in Iraq, then we say that the control that Jabhat Nusra had was not specific to it, and it did not overpower or subjugate all other groups under its command. It did not overpower, but instead there was a joint management (by participation with other groups). Hence if there was no overpowering then it means there was no any presence for the Islamic State. We have already explained that the meaning of Taghallub is subjugation and not participation in management and ruling…! Moreover, the groups did not submit to and did not surrender to the courts of the Islamic state, even after their declaration of their ‘expansion to Shaam’. Rather they opened their own courts named as “Al-Hay’at Al-Shar’iyya”. In fact, this State could not get the groups to submit to their courts when disputes arose between them and the groups, but instead they resorted to joint courts! Abu Muhammad Al’Adnani says: “The Islamic State surrendered to the joint courts, and here are the examples:  The case of the killing of Abu ʿUbaydah Al-Binnishi and the case of the killing of Muhammad Faaris Al-Halabi from Ahraar – may Allah have mercy upon them both – and the judge Abu ʿAbdul-Malik was from their side.  The case of the checkpoint of Liwaa At-Tawheed who took the area from the State, and the judge Hassan was from their side.  The case of Liwaa At-Tawheed who killed two of the soldiers of the State, and the judge Hassan from their side.  A case with Jabhat Al-Jawlani; when they killed Atiyyah Al’Anzi, a religious official of the State.  Another joint court was formed with Jabhat Joulani in relation to the Islamic administration for services.  A court with Ahraar Suriya in the case of those accused of attempting to assassinate Abu Anas Al-ʿIraqi, and the judge Mahmud Abu Maalik was from their side.  So Adnani says that instead of the others submitting to their (Islamic State’s) courts they instead submitted to joint courts! Thus, the State could not force or make these groups submit to them to be judged by their courts in order to prove really that they (the Islamic State) are the ones who have overpowered them. Rather the Islamic State was forced to be judged along with them under the joint courts. So, whether the state declared their expansion or not, it will not change the reality that the State in Iraq (if it was really a State because it had in fact fallen and it had returned to be an organization when they lost their stability), their expansion under the name ‘State’does not change the reality that it was an expansion of an organization that expanded from Iraq to Shaam. Based on that if we assumed that this State actually has no relation with or was not subordinate to Al-Qaeda in Khorasan, then the defection of Abu Muhammad Al-Joulani at that time was not a revolt against the legitimate leader who rules the Muslim masses. Rather it was

The case of the checkpoint of Liwaa At-Tawheed who took the area from the State, and the judge Hassan was from their side.  The case of Liwaa At-Tawheed who killed two of the soldiers of the State, and the judge Hassan from their side.  A case with Jabhat Al-Jawlani; when they killed Atiyyah Al’Anzi, a religious official of the State.  Another joint court was formed with Jabhat Joulani in relation to the Islamic administration for services.  A court with Ahraar Suriya in the case of those accused of attempting to assassinate Abu Anas Al-ʿIraqi, and the judge Mahmud Abu Maalik was from their side.  So Adnani says that instead of the others submitting to their (Islamic State’s) courts they instead submitted to joint courts! Thus, the State could not force or make these groups submit to them to be judged by their courts in order to prove really that they (the Islamic State) are the ones who have overpowered them. Rather the Islamic State was forced to be judged along with them under the joint courts. So, whether the state declared their expansion or not, it will not change the reality that the State in Iraq (if it was really a State because it had in fact fallen and it had returned to be an organization when they lost their stability), their expansion under the name ‘State’does not change the reality that it was an expansion of an organization that expanded from Iraq to Shaam. Based on that if we assumed that this State actually has no relation with or was not subordinate to Al-Qaeda in Khorasan, then the defection of Abu Muhammad Al-Joulani at that time was not a revolt against the legitimate leader who rules the Muslim masses. Rather it was against a leader of a Jihadi group only. So, the specific Hadiths about leadership or public governance are not applicable on him to portray him as having revolted against the legitimate leader. So, the question here is regarding the declaration of a State in Shaam by Baghdadi’s group – Was this declaration after taking Bay’ah from the people of decision (Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd) and of power?! Or was it by overpowering?! It was neither by Shura (consultation) nor by the Bay’ah of the people of decision in Shaam. Rather it was done suddenly and even far away from Abu Muhammad Al Joulani and far away from the Shura Council of Jabhatun Nusrah despite them being the closest of people to the Islamic State! 24 Let alone the other major groups and tribes and the people of decision in the Shaam…! 25 And they stayed from April 2013 until the end of December 2013 while jointly sharing control with the other groups for managing the areas, and there was no overpowering or subjugating. Then at the beginning of 2014 the conflict exploded between them and the other groups, and they left Aleppo and Idlib and they took control over Ar-Raqqa and over areas from Al-Hasakah, and then after that over the province of Deir Al-Zour completely during the month of July 2014. So, it is only at this time they dominated by overpowering! Then they declared a Khilafa claiming it to be on the prophet’s methodology!! But was this Khilafah made after consultation? Abu Muhammad Al-‘Adnani answers for us and says: “How can you announce the Khilafah when the Ummah has not rallied behind you? For your authority is not accepted by the groups, factions, detachments, brigades, corps, banners, sects, parties, assemblies, councils, institutions, coordination teams, leagues, coalitions, armies, fronts, movements, and organizations.” Say to them, {But they will not cease to differ except whom your Lord has given mercy} [Hūd: 118-119]. They have never united on a single issue, nor will they ever unite on any issue except for those whom Allah has mercy upon.”  The reality is that using this verse as a proof arises from a great ignorance.

So, the question here is regarding the declaration of a State in Shaam by Baghdadi’s group – Was this declaration after taking Bay’ah from the people of decision (Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd) and of power?! Or was it by overpowering?! It was neither by Shura (consultation) nor by the Bay’ah of the people of decision in Shaam. Rather it was done suddenly and even far away from Abu Muhammad Al Joulani and far away from the Shura Council of Jabhatun Nusrah despite them being the closest of people to the Islamic State! 24 Let alone the other major groups and tribes and the people of decision in the Shaam…! 25 And they stayed from April 2013 until the end of December 2013 while jointly sharing control with the other groups for managing the areas, and there was no overpowering or subjugating. Then at the beginning of 2014 the conflict exploded between them and the other groups, and they left Aleppo and Idlib and they took control over Ar-Raqqa and over areas from Al-Hasakah, and then after that over the province of Deir Al-Zour completely during the month of July 2014. So, it is only at this time they dominated by overpowering! Then they declared a Khilafa claiming it to be on the prophet’s methodology!! But was this Khilafah made after consultation? Abu Muhammad Al-‘Adnani answers for us and says: “How can you announce the Khilafah when the Ummah has not rallied behind you? For your authority is not accepted by the groups, factions, detachments, brigades, corps, banners, sects, parties, assemblies, councils, institutions, coordination teams, leagues, coalitions, armies, fronts, movements, and organizations.” Say to them, {But they will not cease to differ except whom your Lord has given mercy} [Hūd: 118-119]. They have never united on a single issue, nor will they ever unite on any issue except for those whom Allah has mercy upon.”  The reality is that using this verse as a proof arises from a great ignorance.

The people of Tafseer (commentators of the Quran) whom Imam Tabari mentioned while explaining this verse said: “It is a disagreement over religions. The explanation is: And the people will keep disagreeing upon many different religions, between a Jew and a Christian, and a Magian, and so on. And those who said this also said: “Allah excluded those whom He had mercy upon, and they are the believers”. And others said, “Rather it means they will keep differing in their sustenance, this one being rich and the other being poor”. And others said, “They will differ in receiving forgiveness and mercy”. So, are the factions, the battalions, the detachments, the brigades and the parties are the Jews and Christians and Magians? And only those in the Islamic State are Muslims, for this verse to be applied on them? Secondly, assuming that the nature of humankind is to differ and disagree, what then is the duty towards this issue? Is it to deepen the differences and increase them?! Or is to strive to end them or lessen them as much as possible? Disagreement is evil, and Allah has warned us from it and He said: {And be not like those who became divided and disagreed after clear arguments had come to them, and these it is that shall have a grievous chastisement.} [Aal Imran: 105] Therefore, we should strive to bring closer the different views through consultation. Allah says praising the believers: {They conduct their affairs by mutual consultation} [Shura: 38]. If mankind differs and will not agree, then why did Allah order us to do consultation? Will Allah order us to do the impossible? And then Al’Adnani continued saying: “If they tell you: You have stepped over them by acting on your own judgment! Why didn’t you consult them and excuse them and try to win them over?” Say to them: The issue is much more urgent than that; {And I hastened to You, My Lord, so that You may be pleased} [Taha:84] Poem: We took it forcibly at the point of the sword We brought it back by overpowering and dominating”. He dodged the issue of Shura by giving reasons such

He dodged the issue of Shura by giving reasons such as:  The presence of disagreements and that the people will not agree on one leader! That the matter is too urgent, and so it would not be right to consult! And with that this ‘Khilafa which is on the prophetic methodology’ was not established based on Shura as per the confession of its official spokesman. Rather, it was established by overpowering, subjugating and by using force against all. And this overpowering and making the right to nominate a Khalifa exclusive to one group alone by excluding the Muslim public, is not a characteristic of a Khilafah which is upon the prophetic methodology. There is not a single one from the Khulafa Ar-Rashideen (the four righteous Khalifas) who were upon the prophetic methodology, who consulted his supporters only, without consulting the rest of the Muslims for appointing himself as a Khalifa! And none of the scholars made it a condition that everyone from the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision) in the land should agree with you, and that he should not oppose you! And there is not a single Khalifa who said that ‘only those who support me are the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision)’! As if the entire Ummah has no people of influence…! The other issue is the long Hadith in which the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Prophethood will last amongst you for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an agonizing kingship (Mulkan Aadhan – ملكًا عاضًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an oppressive kingship (Mulkan Jabariyan – ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to be, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up.

And this overpowering and making the right to nominate a Khalifa exclusive to one group alone by excluding the Muslim public, is not a characteristic of a Khilafah which is upon the prophetic methodology. There is not a single one from the Khulafa Ar-Rashideen (the four righteous Khalifas) who were upon the prophetic methodology, who consulted his supporters only, without consulting the rest of the Muslims for appointing himself as a Khalifa! And none of the scholars made it a condition that everyone from the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision) in the land should agree with you, and that he should not oppose you! And there is not a single Khalifa who said that ‘only those who support me are the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision)’! As if the entire Ummah has no people of influence…! The other issue is the long Hadith in which the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Prophethood will last amongst you for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an agonizing kingship (Mulkan Aadhan – ملكًا عاضًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an oppressive kingship (Mulkan Jabariyan – ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to be, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up.

And this overpowering and making the right to nominate a Khalifa exclusive to one group alone by excluding the Muslim public, is not a characteristic of a Khilafah which is upon the prophetic methodology. There is not a single one from the Khulafa Ar-Rashideen (the four righteous Khalifas) who were upon the prophetic methodology, who consulted his supporters only, without consulting the rest of the Muslims for appointing himself as a Khalifa! And none of the scholars made it a condition that everyone from the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision) in the land should agree with you, and that he should not oppose you! And there is not a single Khalifa who said that ‘only those who support me are the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision)’! As if the entire Ummah has no people of influence…! The other issue is the long Hadith in which the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Prophethood will last amongst you for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an agonizing kingship (Mulkan Aadhan – ملكًا عاضًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an oppressive kingship (Mulkan Jabariyan – ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to be, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up.

And this overpowering and making the right to nominate a Khalifa exclusive to one group alone by excluding the Muslim public, is not a characteristic of a Khilafah which is upon the prophetic methodology. There is not a single one from the Khulafa Ar-Rashideen (the four righteous Khalifas) who were upon the prophetic methodology, who consulted his supporters only, without consulting the rest of the Muslims for appointing himself as a Khalifa! And none of the scholars made it a condition that everyone from the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision) in the land should agree with you, and that he should not oppose you! And there is not a single Khalifa who said that ‘only those who support me are the Ahlul Hal Wal Aqd (people of influence and decision)’! As if the entire Ummah has no people of influence…! The other issue is the long Hadith in which the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Prophethood will last amongst you for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an agonizing kingship (Mulkan Aadhan – ملكًا عاضًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. Then there will be an oppressive kingship (Mulkan Jabariyan – ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last as long as Allah wishes it to be, then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up.

 

Then there will be a Khilafah on the way of Prophet-hood.’ This proves that the Khilafah on the prophetic methodology will be after the oppressive dictatorial rule has been lifted and after it ends like how our prophet – صلى الله عليه وسلم said in the Hadith that: ‘Then there will be an oppressive rule ( ملكًا جبر يًا ), and it will last for as long as Allah wishes it to last, and then Allah will lift it up when He wishes to lift it up. THEN there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology.” Thus, the chronological order for the Khilafah which will be on the prophetic methodology will be AFTER the dictatorial oppressive regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this Khilafah got announced while the oppressive dictatorial regimes are still in existence and before they have been brought down. And this is a clear opposition to the prophetic text, which says that the Khilafah will not be established until AFTER these regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this so called Khilafa could not end the existence of even a single one of the regimes that is fighting it! So, they applied the prophetic text on themselves for the sake of propaganda and publicity only, nothing else. And they are not the people of Khilafah which is on the prophetic methodology which our prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave glad tidings of in the Hadith. So, what a great difference between the false dawn and the true dawn. In fact, the true dawn will come after the false dawn.  And I do not think that the situation of Baghdadi’s Khilafah is anything except what Professor Yasir Al Ahmadi has said: “Some people have the correct (religious) text with them, but they do not have the correct intentions, and so they try to apply the text in the wrong context, aiming for personal gain, and for things like that.” And finally, praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

On the other hand, this Khilafah got announced while the oppressive dictatorial regimes are still in existence and before they have been brought down. And this is a clear opposition to the prophetic text, which says that the Khilafah will not be established until AFTER these regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this so called Khilafa could not end the existence of even a single one of the regimes that is fighting it! So, they applied the prophetic text on themselves for the sake of propaganda and publicity only, nothing else. And they are not the people of Khilafah which is on the prophetic methodology which our prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave glad tidings of in the Hadith. So, what a great difference between the false dawn and the true dawn. In fact, the true dawn will come after the false dawn.  And I do not think that the situation of Baghdadi’s Khilafah is anything except what Professor Yasir Al Ahmadi has said: “Some people have the correct (religious) text with them, but they do not have the correct intentions, and so they try to apply the text in the wrong context, aiming for personal gain, and for things like that.” And finally, praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

Thus, the chronological order for the Khilafah which will be on the prophetic methodology will be AFTER the dictatorial oppressive regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this Khilafah got announced while the oppressive dictatorial regimes are still in existence and before they have been brought down. And this is a clear opposition to the prophetic text, which says that the Khilafah will not be established until AFTER these regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this so called Khilafa could not end the existence of even a single one of the regimes that is fighting it! So, they applied the prophetic text on themselves for the sake of propaganda and publicity only, nothing else. And they are not the people of Khilafah which is on the prophetic methodology which our prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave glad tidings of in the Hadith. So, what a great difference between the false dawn and the true dawn. In fact, the true dawn will come after the false dawn.  And I do not think that the situation of Baghdadi’s Khilafah is anything except what Professor Yasir Al Ahmadi has said: “Some people have the correct (religious) text with them, but they do not have the correct intentions, and so they try to apply the text in the wrong context, aiming for personal gain, and for things like that.” And finally, praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

THEN there will be a Khilafah on the Prophetic methodology.” Thus, the chronological order for the Khilafah which will be on the prophetic methodology will be AFTER the dictatorial oppressive regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this Khilafah got announced while the oppressive dictatorial regimes are still in existence and before they have been brought down. And this is a clear opposition to the prophetic text, which says that the Khilafah will not be established until AFTER these regimes have ceased to exist. On the other hand, this so called Khilafa could not end the existence of even a single one of the regimes that is fighting it! So, they applied the prophetic text on themselves for the sake of propaganda and publicity only, nothing else. And they are not the people of Khilafah which is on the prophetic methodology which our prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave glad tidings of in the Hadith. So, what a great difference between the false dawn and the true dawn. In fact, the true dawn will come after the false dawn.  And I do not think that the situation of Baghdadi’s Khilafah is anything except what Professor Yasir Al Ahmadi has said: “Some people have the correct (religious) text with them, but they do not have the correct intentions, and so they try to apply the text in the wrong context, aiming for personal gain, and for things like that.” And finally, praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

 

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